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Lynchets S of Stavordale Wood

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Lynchets S of Stavordale Wood

List entry Number: 1002823

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Abbotsbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Dec-1958

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DO 383

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Part of a medieval field system 750m south-west of West Farm.

Reasons for Designation

The distinctive medieval strips fields were produced by areas of unploughed land being left between allotments and the shape was determined by the action of ploughing which always turned the soil to the right and thus produced an undulating S-shape. The size of the strips was roughly an acre (0.405ha) which represented a day's work with a plough and the length was determined by the distance an ox team could plough before needing a rest, a furlong (201.2m). Along particularly steep slopes this medieval cultivation techniques produced distinctive strips separated by often steep scarp slopes called lynchets ultimately producing more level cultivation terraces. The part of the medieval field system 750m south west of West Farm survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating t its construction, development, social organisation, agricultural practices and cultivation techniques and overall landscape context.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 13 January 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes part of a medieval field system situated on the steep south facing slopes of a coastal ridge overlooking Cowards Lake and the sea at the northern end of Chesil Beach. The part of the field system survives as an extensive series of parallel and narrow lynchets which follow the contours of the hillside. The lynchets measure up to 3m high and the cultivation terraces created behind these vary in width from 6m up to 25m wide.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-450555

National Grid Reference: SY 56422 84584

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Oct-2017 at 06:09:19.

End of official listing