This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Enclosed Iron Age farmstead and part of an associated field system 215m west of New Barn

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Enclosed Iron Age farmstead and part of an associated field system 215m west of New Barn

List entry Number: 1002859

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Maiden Newton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Jan-1961

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DO 479

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Enclosed Iron Age farmsteads are generally represented by enclosures containing evidence of a small group of circular domestic buildings and associated agricultural structures. Where excavated, these sites are also found to contain pits or rectangular post- built structures for the storage of grain and other produce, evidence of an organised and efficient farming system. The surrounding enclosures would have provided protection against cattle rustling and tribal raiding. In central and southern England, most enclosed Iron Age farmsteads are situated in areas which are now under intensive arable cultivation. As a result, although some examples survive with upstanding earthworks, the majority have been recorded as crop- and soil-marks appearing on aerial photographs. The associated field system is typical of the period from the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC) to the end of the fifth century AD and comprises a discrete block of fields orientated in roughly the same direction, with the field boundaries laid out along two axes set at right angles to one another. Individual fields in field systems of this type generally fall within the 0.1ha-3.2ha range and can be square, rectangular, long and narrow, triangular or polygonal in shape. The field boundaries can take various forms (including drystone walls, orthostats, earth and rubble banks, pit alignments, ditches, fences and lynchets) and follow straight or sinuous courses. Component features common to most systems include entrances and trackways. The settlements or farmsteads are usually situated close to or within the field system. The development of field systems is seen as a response to the competition for land which began during the later prehistoric period. The majority are thought to have been used mainly for crop production, evidenced by the common occurrence of lynchets resulting from frequent ploughing, although rotation may also have been practised in a mixed farming economy. They represent a coherent economic unit often utilised for long periods of time and can thus provide important information about developments in agricultural practices in a particular location and broader patterns of social, cultural and environmental change over several centuries. The enclosed Iron Age farmstead and part of an associated field system 215m west of New Barn also bears witness to continued cultivation during the medieval period and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development, longevity, agricultural practices through time, social organisation, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes an enclosed Iron Age farmstead and part of its associated field system, situated on the upper eastern slopes of the dry valley of Combe Bottom and extending onto the summit of a ridge overlooking the dry valley of Plain Bottom. The enclosed farmstead survives as a roughly rectangular enclosure with a possible outwork to the south defined by banks of approximately 4.5m wide and 0.4m high with partially-buried external ditches. The western corner has been cut by the construction of a later pond. Within the interior of the enclosure are at least six roughly-circular depressions thought to represent house platforms. Small scale trial excavations in this settlement produced flint rubble flooring and a quantity of Iron Age or Romano-British pottery sherds. The settlement is also cut by a track. Predominantly to the north and west is part of the associated field system, containing hollowed trackways which seem to converge at the enclosed farmstead. The field system is defined by low banks of up to 0.6m high and pronounced lynchets of up to 1.6m high forming rectilinear fields which measure approximately 95m long by 80m wide on average. Several of the fields also contain characteristic medieval ridge and furrow showing cultivation of this area has been prolonged. The surface of the crossing track (Drift Road) is excluded from the monument but the ground beneath is included.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-453063

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SY 60954 98752, SY 61055 98554

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002859 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 22-Oct-2017 at 10:09:08.

End of official listing