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Kielder Viaduct

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Kielder Viaduct

List entry Number: 1002913

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Kielder

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Mar-1969

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: ND 472

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Railway viaducts are usually multi span structures of two or more arches supported on piers used to carry rail. Their development is linked closely with the inception and growth of the railway transport network, which began with the opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway in 1825 followed by rapid expansion throughout the 19th century and early 20th century. The development of the rail network required the preparation of straight, flat routes and necessitated the crossing of widely varied terrain through a series of engineering works including tunnels, cuttings, embankments, bridges and viaducts. Railway viaducts were built to connect points of similar height separated by topographical features such as river valleys. As an integral part of the railway network, viaducts are representative of a technological and engineering phenomenon that was initiated in Britain and allowed the industrial revolution to flourish permanently transforming the socioeconomic status of the country. As such, early, well-preserved or architecturally outstanding examples of railway viaducts are deemed to be of national importance. Kielder viaduct survives exceptionally well and is one of the finest surviving examples of skew arch form construction in England. As such it is an excellent example of it class and provides insight into the engineering feats involved in the development of the rail transport network, a process that transformed the economy and society of England.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a mid 19th century railway viaduct which spans the River North Tyne shortly before it enters Bakethin Reservoir. The multi span viaduct which once carried the Border Counties Railway, is built of squared masonry in the baronial style with a castellated parapet and false arrowslits in the voussoirs. The arches are skewed meaning that each stone had to be specially shaped to fit. The viaduct was designed by John Furness Tone, with Peter Nicholson devising the method for shaping the stone for the skew arch and William Hutchison acting as contractor. It was completed in 1862 and eventually closed to passengers in 1956 and to freight in 1958.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 14588 NMR:- NY69SW21 Northumberland HER:- 6276

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NY 63216 92420

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Oct-2017 at 02:01:54.

End of official listing