Kielder Viaduct

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002913

Date first listed: 10-Mar-1969

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Kielder Viaduct
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Kielder

National Grid Reference: NY 63216 92420

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Railway viaducts are usually multi span structures of two or more arches supported on piers used to carry rail. Their development is linked closely with the inception and growth of the railway transport network, which began with the opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway in 1825 followed by rapid expansion throughout the 19th century and early 20th century. The development of the rail network required the preparation of straight, flat routes and necessitated the crossing of widely varied terrain through a series of engineering works including tunnels, cuttings, embankments, bridges and viaducts. Railway viaducts were built to connect points of similar height separated by topographical features such as river valleys. As an integral part of the railway network, viaducts are representative of a technological and engineering phenomenon that was initiated in Britain and allowed the industrial revolution to flourish permanently transforming the socioeconomic status of the country. As such, early, well-preserved or architecturally outstanding examples of railway viaducts are deemed to be of national importance. Kielder viaduct survives exceptionally well and is one of the finest surviving examples of skew arch form construction in England. As such it is an excellent example of it class and provides insight into the engineering feats involved in the development of the rail transport network, a process that transformed the economy and society of England.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a mid 19th century railway viaduct which spans the River North Tyne shortly before it enters Bakethin Reservoir. The multi span viaduct which once carried the Border Counties Railway, is built of squared masonry in the baronial style with a castellated parapet and false arrowslits in the voussoirs. The arches are skewed meaning that each stone had to be specially shaped to fit. The viaduct was designed by John Furness Tone, with Peter Nicholson devising the method for shaping the stone for the skew arch and William Hutchison acting as contractor. It was completed in 1862 and eventually closed to passengers in 1956 and to freight in 1958.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 14588 NMR:- NY69SW21 Northumberland HER:- 6276

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: ND 472

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing