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Poundisford Park pale

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Poundisford Park pale

List entry Number: 1002957

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: Taunton Deane

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Pitminster

County: Somerset

District: Taunton Deane

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Trull

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Jan-1977

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: SO 430

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Deer park pale of Poundisford Park.

Reasons for Designation

Deer parks were areas of land, usually enclosed, set aside and equipped for the management and hunting of deer and other animals. They were generally located in open countryside on marginal land or adjacent to a manor house, castle or palace. They varied in size between 3ha and 1600ha and usually comprised a combination of woodland and grassland which provided a mixture of cover and grazing for deer. Parks could contain a number of features, including hunting lodges (often moated), a park-keeper's house, rabbit warrens, fishponds and enclosures for game, and were usually surrounded by a park pale, a massive fenced or hedged bank often with an internal ditch. Some parks were superimposed on existing fieldscapes and their laying-out may have involved the demolition of occupied farms and villages. Occasionally a park may contain the well preserved remains of this earlier landscape. Although a small number of parks may have been established in the Anglo-Saxon period, it was the Norman aristocracy's taste for hunting that led to the majority being constructed. The peak period for the laying-out of parks, between AD 1200 and 1350, coincided with a time of considerable prosperity amongst the nobility. From the 15th century onwards few parks were constructed and by the end of the 17th century the deer park in its original form had largely disappeared. The original number of deer parks nationally is unknown but probably exceeded 3000. Many of these survive today, although often altered to a greater or lesser degree. They were established in virtually every county in England, but are most numerous in the West Midlands and Home Counties. Deer parks were a long-lived and widespread monument type. Today they serve to illustrate an important aspect of the activities of medieval nobility and still exert a powerful influence on the pattern of the modern countryside. The deer park pale of Poundisford Park survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development and landscape context.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 26 August 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument, which falls into seven areas, includes the deer park pale associated with Poundisford Park and lies in the area between the settlements of Staplehay, Pitminster, Fulwood and Poundisford. The park is approximately 5km in circumference and the pale survives, somewhat differentially for almost 4km of the overall length. It has been cut in places by a motorway, smaller roads and various buildings or gardens and elsewhere more modern hedges have replaced the original pale bank and ditch. It is best preserved to the south and generally survives as bank measuring from 4m up to 7m wide standing up to 2m high with the accompanying external and on occasion an internal ditch visible in places. Poundisford Park had its origins as a medieval deer park which was enclosed in around 1150 and divided into two estates in 1546. The formal gardens which now surround Poundisford House were initially laid out in the 17th century and restored in 1928. The gardens around Poundisford Lodge date to the 19th century. Poundisford Park is registered Grade II.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-190709 and 620891

National Grid Reference: ST 21147 19897, ST 21531 21117, ST 21613 19608, ST 21966 21169, ST 22203 20987, ST 22321 19563, ST 22394 20599, ST 22444 19940

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 11:35:48.

End of official listing