Edge Runner Mill (site of)
List Entry Summary
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.
Name: Edge Runner Mill (site of)
List entry Number: 1003024
The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District Type: Unitary Authority
National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.
Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.
Date first scheduled: 07-Apr-1978
Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.
Legacy System Information
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
UID: SA 348
This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.
List entry Description
Summary of Monument
Cider mill 340m SSE of Hermitage Farm.
Reasons for Designation
The cider mills employed various techniques to produce cider. First the apples were crushed to a pulp and the mechanised edge runner mill was a circular trough with a central pivot which supported a second circular stone attached to the central axis. The second stone rolled around the trough on its edge crushing the apples and such mills could be hand, animal or water powered. The resulting pulp was left usually overnight before transfer to a press where layers of pulp were interspersed with straw (this is known as a cheese) and pressure was then applied until the juice was forced out and filtered before storage in barrels. Despite partial excavation the cider mill 340m SSE of Hermitage Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction, layout and development of the cider mill, its longevity, social and economic significance, the processes involved in cider production, the abandonment of the mill and its overall landscape context.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17 June 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records. As such they do not yet have the full descriptions of their modernised counterparts available. Please contact us if you would like further information.
This monument includes a cider mill situated on the gentle south east facing slopes of a prominent hill called Bury Walls. The cider mill survives as a buried edge runner mill and other associated structures as a series of earthworks and outcrops of artificially worked bedrock together with the foundations of a buried building to the south east. The edge runner mill was used to crush the apples and the lower stone survives cut into the bedrock as a circular trough with an internal diameter of 1.5m and a width of some 0.3m with a 0.4m central socket for the post which supported the vertical post or pivot of the upper rotating crushing stone. The presence of an outer track for draught animals at a radius of 2.5m indicates this was the mode of power employed. The edge runner mill is known through partial excavation but the other features associated with the cider mill have not been further investigated.
National Grid Reference: SJ 57880 26830
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 11:34:28.
End of official listing