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Courtyard house settlement 315m NNE of Botrea Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Courtyard house settlement 315m NNE of Botrea Farm

List entry Number: 1003072

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Sancreed

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Jan-1953

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 365

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The courtyard house is a building form developed in south west England in the Roman period during the second to fourth centuries AD. It was usually oval or curvilinear in shape, taking the form of a thick coursed rubble wall containing rooms and some storage chambers. A central area - the courtyard - was enclosed by this wall and the rooms and the main entrance opened into it. The courtyard is generally considered to have remained unroofed. Excavations of courtyard houses have revealed paved and cobbled floors, stone partitions, slab-lined and slab-covered drains, threshold and door pivot stones and slab-lined hearths, together with artefactual debris. Excavations have also shown that some courtyard houses developed from earlier phases of timber and/or stone built round houses on the same site. Courtyard houses may occur singly or in groups of up to nine. The national distribution includes over 110 recorded courtyard houses, mostly on the Penwith peninsula at the western tip of Cornwall, with a single example on the Isles of Scilly. Courtyard houses are unique within the range of Romano- British settlement types, showing a highly localised adaptation to the windswept conditions of the far south west of England. Despite some later disturbance, the courtyard house settlement 315m NNE of Botrea Farm survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development, social organisation, agricultural practices, trade, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a courtyard house settlement, situated on the lower south facing slopes of a prominent hill known as Botrea Hill. The settlement survives as a single large courtyard house measuring up to 28m long by 24m wide overall. It is defined by drystone walling of up to 4m wide and 2m high, which has been bisected by a later stone field wall. There are the visible remains of a courtyard, a round room and two long rooms. The entrance to the courtyard was probably on the south west. The courtyard and a field system were first recorded by Russell in 1971. The courtyard house was fully surveyed by the Cornwall Committee for Rescue Archaeology in 1982 along with its associated field system. The field system lies to the north, east and south east of the courtyard house, but is not included in the scheduling.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-424146

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SW 40418 30759

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 07:40:45.

End of official listing