Bowl barrow north of Bodney Warren

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1003153

Date first listed: 26-Jun-1924

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Apr-2016

Location Description: North of Bodney Warren, Hilborough, Stanford Training Area (STANTA)

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow north of Bodney Warren
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: North of Bodney Warren, Hilborough, Stanford Training Area (STANTA)

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: Breckland (District Authority)

Parish: Hilborough

National Grid Reference: TL8462698172

Summary

Bowl barrow located north of Bodney Warren, most likely of Bronze Age date.

Reasons for Designation

The bowl barrow north of Bodney Warren, most likely of Bronze Age date is scheduled for the following principal reasons:

* Survival: as a well preserved earthwork monument representing the diversity of burial practices, beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities;

* Potential: for the stratified archaeological deposits which retain considerable potential to provide invaluable evidence not only for the individuals buried within but also evidence for the ideology, variation in burial practices and social organisation of the communities and social networks that were using the landscape in this way;

* Group value: for its close proximity to other related and contemporary scheduled monuments such as the group of barrows near Hopton House (NHLE1003962) and two bowl barrows north-west of Waterend Farm (NHLE 1004033). The barrow also forms part of a multi-period landscape unencumbered by modern development and therefore offers a very high level of archaeological potential to enable understanding of the continuity and change in the use of the landscape from the Bronze Age up to the present day.

History

The treatment, burial and commemoration of the dead have been a distinctive part of human life for millennia, and these activities have often left physical remains. The remains of the dead have been dealt with in remarkably varied ways in the past and it appears that, in the prehistoric period especially, only a small proportion of the population received a burial which has left traces detectable using current methods. Round barrows are distinctive burial monuments which can represent both individual burials as well as larger burial groups. They are one of the main sources of information about life in this period. The main period of round barrow construction occurred in the Early Bronze Age between about 2200-1500 BC (a period when cremation succeeded inhumation as the primary burial rite), although Neolithic examples are known from as early as 3000 BC. In general round barrows comprise a rounded earthen mound or stone cairn, the earthen examples usually having a surrounding ditch and occasionally an outer bank. They range greatly in size from just 5m in diameter to as much as 40m, with the mounds ranging from slight rises to as much as 4m in height. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Round barrows are the most numerous of the various prehistoric funerary monuments.

The most common form of round barrow is referred to as a bowl barrow. These are inverted pudding bowl-shaped mounds with slopes of varying profile, sometimes with a surrounding ditch and occasionally an outer bank.

The bowl barrow north of Bodney Warren is believed to be Bronze Age in origin but no archaeological excavations have taken place to confirm this. The mound is clearly depicted on the 1884 and 1905 Ordnance Survey (OS) maps and was labelled as ‘Tumulus’ on the 1952 OS map. The barrow was discovered by W G Clarke in 1923 and first scheduled in 1924. It lies in close proximity to other related and contemporary scheduled monuments such as the group of barrows near Hopton House (NHLE1003962) and two bowl barrows north-west of Waterend Farm (NHLE 1004033).

Details

Bowl barrow located north of Bodney Warren, most likely of Bronze Age date.

PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS This bowl barrow survives as a round earthen mound, covered in grass, nettles and bracken and measuring approximately 36m in diameter and 1.2m in height with no visible evidence of a ditch. It is thought that the height of the barrow has been reduced and spread slightly by natural erosion since first recorded. The barrow is bounded to the east by a fence which curves around the south-east slope of the mound, which is clipped by a track immediately south of the fence. A Ministry of Defence (MoD) six-pointed star on a post positioned on the centre of the mound marks the site as a scheduled monument.

EXTENT OF SCHEDULING The scheduled area includes a 2m buffer zone around the circumference of the barrow.

EXCLUSIONS FROM SCHEDULING The MoD star is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: NF 36

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Books and journals
Lawson, A J, Martin, E, Priddy, D, Taylor, A, The Barrows of East Anglia, (1981)
Davison, A, 'The Field Archaeology of Bodney and the Stanta Extension' in Norfolk Archaeology, (1994), 59
Other
Cushion, B 2002 STANTA ILMP Woodland Earthwork Rapid Identification Survey
Norfolk Historic Environment Record - 5025

End of official listing