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Long barrow 3/4 mile (1200m) SW of St Rumbold's Church

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long barrow 3/4 mile (1200m) SW of St Rumbold's Church

List entry Number: 1003206

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: East Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Pentridge

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Dec-1926

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DO 75

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Long barrow 975m south west of Manor Farm.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The long barrow 975m south west of Manor Farm survives well and its close association and relationship with the Dorset Cursus adds greatly to its significance. It will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices, relationship and relative chronology to other monuments and its overall landscape context.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 15 December 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a long barrow situated on the spine of a low spur on a wide plateau within Salisbury Plantation. The long barrow survives as a tapering mound which measures 42m long, 15m wide to the north east, 12m wide to the south west and up to 2.4m high. The flanking ditches are just visible but preserved as largely buried features. The long barrow is closely associated with part of the north western bank of the Dorset Cursus although its alignment differs slightly. Speculation suggests the long barrow might pre-date the cursus or was built alongside an earlier phase of the cursus itself and became incorporated into the Cursus when the latter was enlarged, but this relationship is not known with certainty. Further archaeological remains in the immediate vicinity are scheduled separately.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-213548

National Grid Reference: SU 02573 16939

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2017 at 09:23:15.

End of official listing