Five Lord's Burghs round barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1003311

Date first listed: 29-Mar-1968

Map

Ordnance survey map of Five Lord's Burghs round barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Lewes (District Authority)

Parish: South Heighton

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden (District Authority)

Parish: Alciston

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden (District Authority)

Parish: Alfriston

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ4866203615

Summary

Bowl barrow known as Five Lord’s Burgh, 1.7km NNE of Blackstone Barn.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.

Despite partial excavation in the past, the bowl barrow known as Five Lord’s Burgh survives well and will contain archaeological information and environmental evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 4 September 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a ridge of chalk downland near Norton Top on the South Downs. A modern trackway runs a few metres to the east of the barrow. The barrow survives as a roughly circular-shaped mound about 18m in diameter and 1.25m high. A surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived, will survive as a buried feature. A depression in the centre of the mound is believed to be the result of an unrecorded partial excavation sometime in the past.

The name of the barrow is derived from a local tradition stating it was the meeting point of five parishes. It now stands at the junction of three parishes.

Further archaeological remains, such as a Roman road, survive in the vicinity of this monument but are not included because they have not been formally assessed.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: ES 279

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
NMR TQ40SE29. PastScape 406143.,

End of official listing