Juniper Hill earthwork

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1003317

Date first listed: 30-Aug-1922

Map

Ordnance survey map of Juniper Hill earthwork
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold (District Authority)

Parish: Edgeworth

National Grid Reference: SO 93136 06387

Summary

Cross dyke 275m south of Monsell Cottage.

Reasons for Designation

Cross dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day.

The cross dyke 275m south of Monsell Cottage survives well and will contain further archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial and social significance, possible agricultural practices, adaptive re-use and overall landscape context.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 7 July 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a cross dyke situated on the steep upper eastern slopes of the valley of the Holy Brook. The cross dyke survives as a long bank measuring up to 70m long, 10.6m wide and 2.1m high. Excavations in 1954-6 showed it to have been revetted in stone with an entirely buried eastern side ditch which when excavated measured up to 7.6m wide and 1.5m deep. It has been variously interpreted as a long barrow and ‘camp’ but following excavation is now widely accepted as a cross dyke.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: GC 15

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
PastScape 117172

End of official listing