Berwick Bridge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1003654

Date first listed: 30-Nov-1925

Map

Ordnance survey map of Berwick Bridge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Berwick-upon-Tweed

National Grid Reference: NT 99588 52721

Summary

Berwick Bridge, 90m south of the Royal Tweed Bridge.

Reasons for Designation

Multi span bridges are structures of two or more arches supported on piers. They were constructed throughout the medieval and early post-medieval period for the use of pedestrians and packhorse or vehicular traffic, crossing rivers or streams, often replacing or supplementing earlier fords. During the early medieval period timber was used, but from the 12th century stone (and later brick) bridges became more common, with the piers sometimes supported by a timber raft. The bridge abutments and revetting of the river banks also form part of the bridge. The roadway was often originally cobbled or gravelled.

Berwick Bridge survives in excellent condition and is regarded as one of the finest bridges in England. Beneath the current road surface archaeological evidence of the bridges original surface will survive. The rest of the structure of the bridge survives in good condition and will contain evidence on the original construction and consequent maintenance of the bridge.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 11 May 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a bridge of 17th century date, spanning the River Tweed at Berwick-upon-Tweed and linking Main Street with Bridge End. The bridge has fifteen arches with cutwaters having columns and busts. The bridge is 355m long and 5m wide. The arches increase in height at the northern end and stand up to a maximum height of 14m. The construction of the bridge, also known as the Old Bridge, commenced on 19th June 1611 and was virtually complete by 1625-1626, however, there are references to paving the bridge and finishing in the parapet in 1626-27. The bridge succeeded several former bridges, which were constructed from wood and date back to at least the 12th century.

Test pit excavation in 2001 exposed the original bridge structure surviving beneath road levelling deposits, some of which are themselves pre-20th century. The bridge is a Grade I listed building and is currently in use as a road bridge.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: ND 9

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 4183

End of official listing