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Northcott Wood camp

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Northcott Wood camp

List entry Number: 1003863

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Northcott

County: Devon

District: Torridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish: St. Giles on the Heath

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Aug-1923

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DV 66

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Slight univallate hillfort with outworks at Northcott Wood.

Reasons for Designation

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth - fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, more elaborate features like overlapping ramparts and outworks are limited to only a few examples. Slight univallate hillforts are rare nationally although in Devon they comprise one of the major classes of hillfort. They are important for understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities.

The slight univallate hillfort in Northcott Wood is unusual because it does have a system of outworks in the form of an outer bank to the north and a ditch to the south, thus giving additional defence to its already prominent position. It survives well and will contain both archaeological and environmental evidence within its buried layers and deposits concerning its construction, use and its surrounding landscape context.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 22 October 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a slight univallate hillfort with outworks at Northcott Wood situated on the spur of a ridge overlooking the River Tamar. The monument survives as an oval enclosure measuring 80m by 40m internally, defined by a substantial bank, which measures up to 2.9m high. Beyond this is a partially buried ditch measuring up to 10m wide and 1.3m deep and a counterscarp bank measuring up to 1.7m high. There is a simple causewayed entrance to the south east. An additional outwork in the form of a bank lies to the north and east extends for approximately 180m and is up 1.8m high and provides additional defence across the promontory, whilst to the south and west is a second partially filled ditch.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 437388

National Grid Reference: SX 33101 91747

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1003863 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 10:49:18.

End of official listing