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Bowl barrow on Lowster Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow on Lowster Hill

List entry Number: 1003931

Location

Approximately 1065m south-east of Eastmere Village

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: Breckland

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Tottington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 21-Feb-1977

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Apr-2016

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: NF 359

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Bowl barrow, most likely of Bronze Age date.

Reasons for Designation

The bowl barrow at Lowster Hill, most likely of Bronze Age origin, is scheduled for the following principal reasons:

* Survival: as a well preserved earthwork monument representing the diversity of burial practices, beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities;

* Potential: for the stratified archaeological deposits which retain considerable potential to provide invaluable evidence not only for the individuals buried within but also evidence for the ideology, variation in burial practices and social organisation of the communities and social networks that were using the landscape in this way;

* Group value: for its close proximity to other related and contemporary scheduled monuments such as the bowl barrows at Waterhouse Lodge (NHLE 1004039) and the group of tumuli on Sparrow Hill (1004037). The barrow also forms part of a multi-period landscape unencumbered by modern development and therefore offers a very high level of archaeological potential to enable understanding of the continuity and change in the use of the landscape from the Bronze Age up to the present day.

History

The treatment, burial and commemoration of the dead have been a distinctive part of human life for millennia, and these activities have often left physical remains. The remains of the dead have been dealt with in remarkably varied ways in the past and it appears that, in the prehistoric period especially, only a small proportion of the population received a burial which has left traces detectable using current methods. Round barrows are distinctive burial monuments which can represent both individual burials as well as larger burial groups. They are one of the main sources of information about life in this period.

The main period of round barrow construction occurred in the Early Bronze Age between about 2200-1500 BC (a period when cremation succeeded inhumation as the primary burial rite), although Neolithic examples are known from as early as 3000 BC. In general round barrows comprise a rounded earthen mound or stone cairn, the earthen examples usually having a surrounding ditch and occasionally an outer bank. They range greatly in size from just 5m in diameter to as much as 40m, with the mounds ranging from slight rises to as much as 4m in height. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Round barrows are the most numerous of the various prehistoric funerary monuments.

The most common form of round barrow is referred to as a bowl barrow. These are inverted pudding bowl-shaped mounds with slopes of varying profile, sometimes with a surrounding ditch and occasionally an outer bank.

The bowl barrow on Lowster Hill is believed to be Bronze Age in origin but no archaeological excavations have taken place. It is located in close proximity to other scheduled barrows including the group of tumuli on Sparrow Hill (1004037), the bowl barrow at Waterhouse Plantation (NHLE1430568) and other designated sites including two moated manorial sites north and south of Tottington Church (NHLE 1003948 and 1003949 respectively), with the C14 church itself being listed at Grade II* (NHLE 1342814).

The barrow was first scheduled in January 1977.

Details

Bowl barrow at Lowster Hill, most likely of Bronze Age date.

PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS This barrow survives as an earthen mound covered in bracken and nettles with a surrounding ditch. The mound measures approximately 26m in diameter with the growth of bracken and nettles indicating the line of the 4m wide ditch. The barrow is marked with a silver star on a 1m high pole, a sign used by the Ministry of Defence in recognition of their scheduled status.

EXTENT OF SCHEDULING The scheduled area includes a 2m buffer zone around the combined circumference of the barrow and ditch.

EXCLUSIONS FROM SCHEDULING The MoD star is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Lawson, AJ, Martin, EA, Priddy, D, Taylor, A, East Anglian Archaeology Report No. 12 The Barrows of East Anglia, (1981)
Other
Norfolk Historic Environment Record - 7380
STANTA ILMP Woodland Earthwork Rapid Identification Survey

National Grid Reference: TL9016096585

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Oct-2017 at 01:40:39.

End of official listing