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Bowl Barrow 377m north-east of Waterhouse Lodge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl Barrow 377m north-east of Waterhouse Lodge

List entry Number: 1004039

Location

Bowl barrow 377m north-east of Waterhouse Lodge

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: Breckland

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Tottington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Jun-1924

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Apr-2016

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: NF 48

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Bowl barrow most likely of Bronze Age date, located 377m north-east of Waterhouse Plantation.

Reasons for Designation

The bowl barrow north-east of Waterhouse Lodge, most likely of Bronze Age date, is scheduled for the following principal reasons:

* Survival: as a well preserved earthwork monument representing the diversity of burial practices, beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities;

* Potential: for the stratified archaeological deposits which retain considerable potential to provide invaluable evidence not only for the individuals buried within but also evidence for the ideology, variation in burial practices and social organisation of the communities and social networks that were using the landscape in this way;

* Group value: for its close proximity to other related and contemporary scheduled monuments such as the bowl barrows on Lowster Hill (NHLE 1003931) and Flag Heath (NHLE 1003155). The barrow also forms part of a multi-period landscape unencumbered by modern development and therefore offers a very high level of archaeological potential to enable understanding of the continuity and change in the use of the landscape from the Bronze Age up to the present day.

History

The treatment, burial and commemoration of the dead have been a distinctive part of human life for millennia, and these activities have often left physical remains. The remains of the dead have been dealt with in remarkably varied ways in the past and it appears that, in the prehistoric period especially, only a small proportion of the population received a burial which has left traces detectable using current methods. Round barrows are distinctive burial monuments which can represent both individual burials as well as larger burial groups. They are one of the main sources of information about life in this period.

The main period of round barrow construction occurred in the Early Bronze Age between about 2200-1500 BC (a period when cremation succeeded inhumation as the primary burial rite), although Neolithic examples are known from as early as 3000 BC. In general round barrows comprise a rounded earthen mound or stone cairn, the earthen examples usually having a surrounding ditch and occasionally an outer bank. They range greatly in size from just 5m in diameter to as much as 40m, with the mounds ranging from slight rises to as much as 4m in height. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Round barrows are the most numerous of the various prehistoric funerary monuments.

The most common form of round barrow is referred to as a bowl barrow. These are inverted pudding bowl-shaped mounds with slopes of varying profile, sometimes with a surrounding ditch and occasionally an outer bank.

The bowl barrow north-east of Waterhouse Lodge lies in close proximity to other scheduled bowl barrows including that on Lowster Hill (NHLE 1003931), and at Flag Heath (NHLE 1003155). It is also close to scheduled monuments of later periods, including two moated manorial sites north and south of Tottington Church (NHLE 1003948 and 1003949 respectively), with the C14 church itself being listed at Grade II* (NHLE 1342814).

The bowl barrow north-east of Waterhouse Lodge is believed to be Bronze Age in origin but no archaeological excavations have taken place to confirm this. It was first scheduled in June 1924 as monument NF48.

Details

Bowl barrow most likely of Bronze Age date, located 377m north-east of Waterhouse Lodge.

PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS This barrow survives as an earthen mound with a surrounding ditch and external bank. The mound measures approximately 30m in diameter and 1.5m high with a 2m wide ditch and an external bank approximately 3m wide. The ditch is evident as a very shallow depression and the outer bank as a mound up to 0.6m high, which is best preserved on the east side. Located within open woodland the barrow is covered in rough grass and bracken.

EXTENT OF SCHEDULING The scheduled area includes a 2m buffer zone around the combined circumference of the mound, ditch and external bank.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Lawson, AJ, Martin, EA, Priddy, D, Taylor, A, East Anglian Archaeology Report No. 12 The Barrows of East Anglia, (1981)
Websites
Aerial Photographs 1946 and 1988, accessed 16th March 2016 from http://www.historic-maps.norfolk.gov.uk/mapexplorer/
Other
Cushion, B. 2002 STANTA ILMP Woodland Earthwork Rapid Indentification Survey
Norfolk Historic Environment Record - 7381

National Grid Reference: TL9109895081

Map

Map
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End of official listing