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Two enclosures 400yds (360m) NE of Mill House School

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two enclosures 400yds (360m) NE of Mill House School

List entry Number: 1004229

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Dover

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Northbourne

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 08-Mar-1974

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: KE 258

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Iron Age settlement remains 586m north-west of the Church of St Augustine.

Reasons for Designation

The Iron Age settlement remains are likely to be an enclosed farmstead. The size and form of Iron Age enclosed settlements vary considerably from single farmsteads up to large semi-urban oppida. Farmsteads are generally represented by curvilinear enclosures containing evidence of a small group of circular domestic buildings and associated agricultural structures. Where excavated, these sites are also found to contain pits or rectangular post-built structures for the storage of grain and other produce, evidence of an organised and efficient farming system. The surrounding enclosures would have provided protection against cattle rustling and tribal raiding. In central and southern England, most enclosed Iron Age farmsteads are situated in areas which are now under intensive arable cultivation. As a result, although some examples survive with upstanding earthworks, the majority have been recorded as crop- and soil-marks appearing on aerial photographs.

Despite some disturbance in the past, the Iron Age settlement survives well and is clearly visible as crop marks on aerial photographs. It will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the use, occupation and history of the site.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 3 September 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes an Iron Age settlement surviving as buried remains. It is situated on the crest of a low chalk ridge in a field just to the south of the ‘Mount’ crossroads, north-west of Northbourne.

The settlement site includes two curvilinear ditched enclosures, orientated broadly WNW to ESE, visible as cropmarks. The northern enclosure includes two possible entrances in the WNW and ESE sides. The southern enclosure has a possible entrance in the ESE side, as well as a substantial internal feature, possibly a round house. These two enclosures are likely to be the buried remains of Iron Age farmsteads. A possible third curvilinear enclosure appears to overlie the other two enclosures, indicating a further phase of occupation. Partial excavation has recorded Iron Age occupation remains including, postholes, pits and ditches, dating from the fourth to the second century BC.

The site was recorded as part of the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (RCHME) Kent Mapping Project carried out in 1986-7. This produced 1:10,000 scale depictions of crop marks identified on oblique and vertical aerial photographs taken across Kent.

Further archaeological remains survive within the vicinity of this monument, such as a Romano-British cemetery, but are not included because they have not been formally assessed.

Selected Sources

Other
Kent HER TR 35 SW 43, TR 35 SW 144. NMR TR 35 SW 43. PastScape 468673,

National Grid Reference: TR 32930 52627

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Oct-2017 at 10:12:01.

End of official listing