Round 750m north east of Trelaske House

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1004237
Date first listed:
22-Oct-1973
Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round 750m north east of Trelaske House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.
District:
Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Lewannick
National Grid Reference:
SX2930780666

Reasons for Designation

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. The round 750m north east of Trelaske House survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Details

The monument includes a round, situated on the upper slopes of a ridge, overlooking the River Inny within Trelaske Wood. The round survives as an oval enclosed area of approximately 70m by 40m. It is defined by a single rampart bank measuring up to 1.3m high, and outer ditch of up to 10m wide and 0.8m deep. To the south east is a single inturned entrance.

Part of the ditch has been utilised as a vehicular track, the surface of which is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath is included.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-436286

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
CO 857
Legacy System:
RSM - OCN

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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