Iron Age defended settlement 460m south east of Caer Bran Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1004289

Date first listed: 08-Jun-1970

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Iron Age defended settlement 460m south east of Caer Bran Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Sancreed

National Grid Reference: SW4090629011

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the Iron Age a variety of different types of settlement were constructed and occupied in south western England. At the top of the settlement hierarchy were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a group of smaller sites, known as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others in less prominent positions. They are generally smaller than the hillforts, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction. Univallate sites have a single bank and ditch, multivallate sites more than one. At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Where excavated, evidence of stone- or timber-built houses has been found within the enclosures, which, in contrast to the hillfort sites, would have been occupied by small communities, perhaps no more than a single family group. Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the settlement pattern, particularly in the upland areas of south western England, and are integral to any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. Despite cultivation of the interior, the Iron Age defended settlement 460m south east of Caer Bran Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, function, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, agricultural practices and domestic arrangements.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an Iron Age defended settlement, situated on the upper eastern slopes of a prominent hill known as Caer Bran. The settlement survives as an oval enclosure, measuring up to 40m long by 33m wide internally. It is defined by a rampart and partially-buried outer ditch enclosing a roughly circular interior platform measuring up to 10.9m in diameter and 0.4m high. The ditch is most visible on the north and west sides. There is a possible original entrance to the NNW which has been blocked and a possible second entrance to the south east. The ramparts are of stone and earth construction with possible external stone facing. A central feature within the enclosure has been interpreted as a hut circle.

Dudley in 1953 was the first to note the antiquity of this monument, although she felt it was a henge containing a hut, and Russell suggested it was a round with a barrow inside.

Other archaeological remains in the vicinity are scheduled separately.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-422260

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 755

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing