Wayside cross 200m north east of Boscathnoe Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1004313

Date first listed: 03-Jun-1970

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Wayside cross 200m north east of Boscathnoe Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Madron

National Grid Reference: SW 45439 31502

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes which might have a more specifically religious function, including providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions. Wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration but several regional types have been identified. The Cornish wayside crosses form one such group. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross were carved. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ. Less common forms include the `Latin' cross, where the cross-head itself is shaped within the arms of an unenclosed cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low-relief cross on both faces. Over 400 crosses of all types are recorded in Cornwall. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval routeways, settlement patterns and the development of sculptural traditions and their survival is somewhat differential because of periods of religious turbulence during the Reformation when many were subject to damage or partial destruction by iconoclasts. Despite some damage and being moved slightly from its original location, the wayside cross 200m north east of Boscathnoe Farm survives well and is made more unusual by its additional, albeit rather indistinct ornamentation.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a wayside cross, situated close to a path leading towards the church at Madron from Penzance. The cross survives as a Latin cross hewn from a single piece of rock, although one arm and part of the head are missing. It is decorated on one face with the faint traces of a rectangular figure, divided horizontally by an incised line approximately one third of the distance from the bottom. The upper portion has two diagonal crossed lines. Described by Langdon in 1896, this ornamentation is unique to this shape of cross in Cornwall. It is now only just visible. The cross was moved slightly closer to the hedge from its original position immediately beside the path in 1960. It is known locally as 'Boscatho Cross'. The cross is Listed Grade II (70423).

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-423919

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 726

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing