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Bowl barrow 800m north west of Gwenter Farm, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 800m north west of Gwenter Farm, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs

List entry Number: 1004320

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Grade-Ruan

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 01-Sep-1970

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 675

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation and subsequent re-use as a look out post, the bowl barrow 800m north west of Gwenter Farm, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs, survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices, re-use and overall landscape context.

History

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Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on the south eastern part of Goonhilly Downs, and is part of an extensive and dispersed round barrow cemetery. The barrow survives as a circular mound measuring up to 18m in diameter and 1.4m high with its surrounding quarry ditch, from which construction material was derived, preserved as a buried feature. There is a central hollow which may mark the site of an antiquarian excavation. It is approached from the east by a dog leg trench, indicating its possible re-use as a dug-out look out post during the Second World War, as seen elsewhere on Goonhilly Downs. The surrounding field was named as 'Burrow Croft' in 1840. Other barrows which form part of the cemetery are scheduled separately.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-426647

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SW 73285 18211

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2017 at 05:52:14.

End of official listing