Bowl barrow 800m north west of Gwenter Farm, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1004320

Date first listed: 01-Sep-1970

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 800m north west of Gwenter Farm, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Grade-Ruan

National Grid Reference: SW 73285 18211

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation and subsequent re-use as a look out post, the bowl barrow 800m north west of Gwenter Farm, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs, survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices, re-use and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on the south eastern part of Goonhilly Downs, and is part of an extensive and dispersed round barrow cemetery. The barrow survives as a circular mound measuring up to 18m in diameter and 1.4m high with its surrounding quarry ditch, from which construction material was derived, preserved as a buried feature. There is a central hollow which may mark the site of an antiquarian excavation. It is approached from the east by a dog leg trench, indicating its possible re-use as a dug-out look out post during the Second World War, as seen elsewhere on Goonhilly Downs. The surrounding field was named as 'Burrow Croft' in 1840. Other barrows which form part of the cemetery are scheduled separately.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-426647

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 675

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing