Three bowl barrows 550m NNW of Gwenter Farm forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1004321

Date first listed: 23-Mar-1970

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows 550m NNW of Gwenter Farm forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1004321 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2018 at 07:07:09.

Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Grade-Ruan

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Keverne

National Grid Reference: SW 73768 18456, SW 73810 18464, SW 73830 18458

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation, the three bowl barrows 550m NNW of Gwenter Farm forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes three bowl barrows, situated on the south eastern side of Goonhilly Downs, and forms part of a large and dispersed round barrow cemetery. The barrows survive as circular steep sided flat-topped mounds surrounded by buried quarry ditches from which the construction material was derived. The western mound measures 18m in diameter and 1m high with a central depression, and a hollow to the east. A modern concrete pillar marked 'N.C.C. T. TUMULI' is fixed near the top. The central barrow stands up to 11m in diameter and 0.8m high. A number of stones from a retaining kerb are visible and on the top there is a recumbent, probably 19th century, granite boundary stone incised with the letter 'G' on its upper surface. The eastern barrow is 10.5m in diameter and 0.8m high with a slightly hollowed centre. All three barrows lie on the boundary between the parishes of Grade and St Keverne and were first recorded in the late-19th century by Thomas. Other barrows which form part of the round barrow cemetery are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-426656

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 676

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing