Four bowl barrows on Bofarnel Downs forming part of a round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1004437
Date first listed:
17-Apr-1957
Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Four bowl barrows on Bofarnel Downs forming part of a round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.
District:
Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
St. Winnow
National Grid Reference:
SX1166163263, SX1181363361, SX1184563401, SX1196963510

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation, the four bowl barrows on Bofarnel Downs forming part of a round barrow cemetery, survive well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, longevity, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

Details

The monument, which falls into four areas of protection, includes four bowl barrows, situated at the summit of a prominent ridge called Bofarnel Downs, which forms the watershed between the River Fowey and one of its tributaries. The barrows are arranged in a south west to north east alignment. All survive as circular mounds with individual surrounding quarry ditches, which provided the original construction material, preserved as buried features. The western mound measures 20m in diameter and 0.9m high and is cut by a modern fence on the western side. The centre western mound is 15m in diameter and 0.6m high. The centre eastern mound is 14m in diameter and 0.8m high. The eastern mound is 23m in diameter, 0.3m high and has a central hollow as a result of early partial excavation or robbing.

The modern fence is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath is included.

The four barrows form part of a much larger dispersed round barrow cemetery and others within it are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-432732, 432735, 432738 and 432741

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
CO 446
Legacy System:
RSM - OCN

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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