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Two small stone circles 530m ESE of King Arthur's Hall

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two small stone circles 530m ESE of King Arthur's Hall

List entry Number: 1004459

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: St. Breward

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 30-Apr-1957

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 397

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone circles are prehistoric monuments comprising one or more circles of upright or recumbent stones. The circle of stones may be surrounded by earthwork features such as enclosing banks and ditches. Single upright stones may be found within the circle or outside it and avenues of stones radiating out from the circle occur at some sites. Burial cairns may also be found close to and on occasion within the circle. Where excavated they have been found to date from the Late Neolithic to the Middle Bronze Age (c.2400-1000 BC). It is clear that they were carefully designed and laid out, frequently exhibiting very regularly spaced stones, the heights of which also appear to have been of some importance. We do not fully understand the uses for which these monuments were originally constructed but it is clear that they had considerable ritual importance for the societies that used them. In many instances excavation has indicated that they provided a focus for burials and the rituals that accompanied interment of the dead. Some circles appear to have had a calendrical function, helping mark the passage of time and seasons, this being indicated by the careful alignment of stones to mark important solar or lunar events such as sunrise or sunset at midsummer or midwinter. At other sites the spacing of individual circles throughout the landscape has led to a suggestion that each one provided some form of tribal gathering point for a specific social group. A small stone circle comprises a regular or irregular ring of between 7 and 16 stones with a diameter of between 4 and 20 metres. Of the 250 or so stone circles identified in England sixteen are located on Bodmin Moor. They are a rare monument type which provides an important insight into prehistoric ritual activity. Despite some disturbance and the loss of some stones, the two small stone circles 530m ESE of King Arthur's Hall survive comparatively well and will retain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronology, function, territorial, social, ritual and funerary significance and their overall landscape context.

History

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Details

The monument includes two small stone circles, situated on the upland ridge known as 'Emblance Downs', overlooking the upper De Lank River. The two stone circles are closely-located being approximately 2.5m apart on a WNW - ESE alignment. Both measured approximately 23m in diameter originally. The western circle survives as a ring of stones, including six uprights and two recumbent stones with up to three stone socket holes. The stones appear to have been irregularly spaced at between 4.5m to 5m apart and originally numbered about 15. Two fallen, and possibly displaced, stones lie near the centre of the circle. The stones vary in height from 0.3m to 1.2m high. Close to the centre of the circle is a low mound measuring 4.5m long by 3m wide and 0.4m high.

The eastern circle survives as four uprights and one recumbent stone varying in height from 0.1m to 0.7m. All are located on the southern part of the ring, although several further recumbent slabs lie beyond the perimeter of the circle. First recorded by Flinders Petrie in 1860 the stone circles have remained little changed.

A further stone circle to the south east and King Arthur's Hall to the WNW are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-433225

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SX1347477504

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 07:41:21.

End of official listing