Three bowl barrows on the coastal ridges above Bude Bay

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1004472

Date first listed: 01-Nov-1950

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows on the coastal ridges above Bude Bay
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bude-Stratton

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Kilkhampton

National Grid Reference: SS 20447 07430, SS2022808907, SS2025208074

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite some reduction in the heights of the mounds through past cultivation and partial early excavation or robbing, the three bowl barrows on the coastal ridges above Bude Bay survive well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, longevity, relative chronologies, social organisation, territorial significance, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes three bowl barrows which are situated on cliff locations, overlooking Bude Bay. The three barrows are aligned north to south. The northern barrow [SS 2022 0890] survives as a circular flat-topped stone and earth-built mound standing up to 17.5m in diameter and 1.5m high, situated in a hill top position. A central hollow indicates early partial excavation or robbing. The central barrow [SS 2025 0807] survives as a circular stone and earth-built mound up to 22m in diameter and 0.8m high, situated on a north facing slope. There is an old excavation hollow on the top, and the excavated material lies to the south of the barrow. The southern barrow [SS 2044 0742] survives as a circular mound on a coastal crest and measures up to 31m in diameter and 1.6m high. For all three barrows the surrounding quarry ditches, from which material to construct the mounds was derived, are preserved as buried features.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-31855, 31858 and 31861

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 330

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing