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Fishery 500m north east of Manor Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Fishery 500m north east of Manor Farm

List entry Number: 1004500

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Central Bedfordshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Shillington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Feb-1953

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: BD 7

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Groups of up to twelve ponds variously arranged in a single line or in a cluster and joined by leats have been recorded. The ponds may be of the same size or of several different sizes with each pond being stocked with different species or ages of fish. The size of the pond was related to function, with large ponds thought to have had a storage capability whilst smaller, shallower ponds were used for fish cultivation and breeding. Buildings for use by fishermen or for the storage of equipment, and islands possibly used for fishing, wildfowl management or as shallow spawning areas, are also recorded. The tradition of constructing and using fishponds in England began during the medieval period and peaked in the 12th century. They were largely built by the wealthy sectors of society with monastic institutions and royal residences often having large and complex fishponds. Although approximately 2000 examples are recorded nationally, this is thought to be only a small proportion of those in existence in medieval times. Despite being relatively common, fishponds are important for their associations with other classes of medieval monument and in providing evidence of site economy. The fishery 500m north east of Manor Farm is well preserved, retains a good diversity of features associated with fishponds and has high potential for the preservation of significant archaeological remains, particularly waterlogged deposits. The fishponds will contribute to our knowledge and understanding of the social and economic structure of medieval communities.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval fishery situated to the north east of the village of Higham Gobion. The monument survives as a small but regular mound surrounded by a slight ditch sitting in the centre of a sub-triangular enclosure. The mound is flat topped, 30m in diameter and up to 3.7m high. The enclosure is defined by a flat topped, linear bank, standing up to 12m wide and rising to 2m above the bottom of the ditch. The bank is cut to the north by a later hollow way. In the south east corner of the enclosure is a series of three fishponds measuring 35m long and 1m deep. It is understood that the interior was once flooded and the central mound would have therefore originally have been a small island which may have been used for bird nesting platforms, or simply for fishing.

Sources: NMR TL13SW1; Pastscape Mon No 362575; Bed's HER 404

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TL 10563 33297

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1004500 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Oct-2017 at 02:29:16.

End of official listing