This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Single-span bridge called Horse Bridge 260m WSW of Chase Hill House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Single-span bridge called Horse Bridge 260m WSW of Chase Hill House

List entry Number: 1004520

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Stroud

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Kingswood

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 27-May-1975

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: SG 164

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Medieval and early post-medieval single span bridges are structures designed to carry a road or track over a river by means of a single arch, typically 3m- 6m in span. They were constructed throughout the medieval period, most commonly using timber. Stone began to be used instead of timber in the 12th century and became increasingly common in the 14th and 15th centuries. Many medieval bridges were repaired, modified or extensively rebuilt in the post- medieval period. During the medieval period the construction and maintenance of bridges was frequently carried out by large estates and the Church, especially monastic institutions which developed long distance packhorse routes between their landholdings. Some stone built medieval bridges still survive. These can be classified into three main types based on the profile of the arch which is typically pointed, semi-circular or flattened. A common medieval feature is the presence of stone ashlar ribs underneath the arch. The bridge abutments and revetting of the river banks also form part of the bridge. Where medieval bridges have been altered in later centuries, original features are sometimes concealed behind later stonework, including remains of earlier timber bridges. Bridges were common and important features of medieval towns and the countryside and allowed easy access along a well developed road and track way system. The single-span bridge called Horse Bridge 260mWSW of Chase Hill House survives well and may retain features of an earlier bridge in its construction and indicates the continued importance of the river crossing in this location through time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a single-span bridge which crosses the Little Avon River, close to its confluence with the Saltmoors Ditch, just to the north east of the settlement of Wickwar. The bridge survives as a fully standing stone-built structure with a single rounded arch and plain parapets which still carries vehicular traffic.

A bridge was mentioned at this location, called 'Horseforde Bridge', in a document of 1363 and it is shown on a 17th century estate map. A watching brief carried out in 2005 suggested the original medieval bridge site was probably slightly further to the south (upstream) and suggested an 18th or 19th century date for the current construction, possibly indicated by the presence of a date stone bearing the legend '1815' although this could also refer to a campaign of repair.

Sources: PastScape 205105 South Gloucestershire HER 2065 and 14877

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: ST 72774 88909

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1004520 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Dec-2017 at 01:30:47.

End of official listing