Round barrow on south side of Brendon Common
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1004569
Date first listed: 28-Jul-1958
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: North Devon (District Authority)
National Park: EXMOOR
National Grid Reference: SS 77558 44845
A round cairn on Withycombe Ridge 1720m south east of Dry Bridge.
Reasons for Designation
Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the other two areas, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of Exmoor monuments. However, survey work has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later prehistoric period, examples including stone settings, stone alignments, standing stones, and burial mounds (barrows or cairns). Round cairns are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as rubble mounds which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries, and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Over 370 barrows or cairns, varying in diameter from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor, with many of these found on or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor - the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge. Individual cairns and groups may also be found on lower lying ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their longevity as a monument type can provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.
The round cairn on Withycombe Ridge, 1720m south east of Dry Bridge, survives well and given its prominent and somewhat isolated location has received limited disturbance. It will contain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, use, funerary practices, territorial significance and general landscape context.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 10 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
The monument includes a round cairn situated on the prominent Withycombe Ridge on the upper south facing slopes of the valley of the Hoccombe Combe. The cairn survives as a circular stony mound measuring up to 6.2m in diameter and 0.6m high. It is clearly visible on aerial photographs.
Other archaeological remains in the surrounding are the subject of separate schedulings.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: DV 711
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
PastScape Monument No:-35300
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing