Castle Copse camp

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1004755

Date first listed: 13-Mar-1956

Map

Ordnance survey map of Castle Copse camp
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Landford

National Park: NEW FOREST

National Grid Reference: SU 24898 21575

Summary

Slight univallate hillfort 140m north-west of Earldoms Farm.

Reasons for Designation

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth - fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, while access to the interior is usually provided by two entrances comprising either simple gaps in the earthwork or an inturned rampart. Postholes revealed by excavation indicate the occasional presence of portal gateways while more elaborate features like overlapping ramparts and outworks are limited to only a few examples. Internal features included timber or stone round houses; large storage pits and hearths; scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies; and square or rectangular buildings supported by four to six posts, often represented by postholes, and interpreted as raised granaries. Slight univallate hillforts are rare with around 150 examples recorded nationally. Although on a national scale the number is low, in Devon they comprise one of the major classes of hillfort. In other areas where the distribution is relatively dense, for example, Wessex, Sussex, the Cotswolds and the Chilterns, hillforts belonging to a number of different classes occur within the same region. Examples are also recorded in eastern England, the Welsh Marches, central and southern England. They are rare and important for understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities. Despite past tree growth and road building activities the slight univallate hillfort 140m north west of Earldoms Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial, economic and strategic significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 24 September 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a slight univallate hillfort situated on the summit of a low hill which forms the watershed between the valleys of two tributaries to the River Blackwater. The hillfort survives as an oval enclosure covering approximately 2.3ha defined by a single rampart bank standing up to 1.5m high with an outer ditch measuring 4.5m wide and 0.9m deep with a slight counterscarp bank to the eastern side only. To the west is an out turned entrance which creates a funnel- like passage between the ramparts and this is 25m long. The outer ditch has been partially built over by road alterations on the eastern side and there has been some sand quarrying. It is also known by the local name of ‘Castle Copse Camp’.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: WI 508

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
PastScape 223137
Wiltshire HER SU22SW603

End of official listing