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Shenbarrow Hill camp

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Shenbarrow Hill camp

List entry Number: 1004867

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Tewkesbury

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Stanton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 05-Jan-1927

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: GC 56

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Iron Age defended settlement on Shenbarrow Hill.

Reasons for Designation

During the Iron Age a variety of different types of settlement were constructed and occupied in south western England. At the top of the settlement hierarchy were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a group of smaller sites, known as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others in less prominent positions. They are generally smaller than the hillforts, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction. Univallate sites have a single bank and ditch, multivallate sites more than one. At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Where excavated, evidence of stone- or timber-built houses has been found within the enclosures, which, in contrast to the hillfort sites, would have been occupied by small communities, perhaps no more than a single family group. Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the settlement pattern, particularly in the upland areas of south western England, and are integral to any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period.

Despite some later buildings and partial excavation the Iron Age defended settlement on Shenbarrow Hill survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 9 July 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes an Iron Age defended settlement situated on the upper south west facing slopes of a prominent ridge above a steep scarp forming part of the Cotswold Escarpment overlooking a tributary to the River Isbourne. The defended settlement survives as a roughly D-shaped enclosure defined by an inner and outer rampart bank and ditch which covers an area of approximately 1.9ha in total. The inner rampart bank is up to 9.1m wide and 1.5m high with a 7.6m wide and 1.2m deep outer bank. The outer rampart survives differentially and is best preserved as an earthwork to the north where the bank is up to 7.6m wide and 0.6m high with a 7.6m wide and 0.9m deep ditch. Elsewhere it is preserved as entirely buried features visible on aerial photographs as crop and soil marks. In places the steep natural scarp slopes are also utilised within the defences.

Partial excavations in 1935 revealed dry stone revetments on the faces of the ramparts and produced Iron Age and Romano-British pottery, fragments of iron and part of a rotary quern.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape 328140

National Grid Reference: SP 08040 33462

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1004867 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 06:44:20.

End of official listing