Gateway to Brook Farm, Hillborough

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1005153

Date first listed: 11-Mar-1953

Map

Ordnance survey map of Gateway to Brook Farm, Hillborough
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Canterbury (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: TR 22024 68116

Summary

Tudor Gateway, 24m north-east of Brook Farmhouse.

Reasons for Designation

Archways are often large, freestanding structures that are monumental in form. They were used systematically from the Roman period onwards, although a broader range of styles developed throughout the medieval period in England. Archways often provide an imposing entrance way to a building or site of significance. They are sometimes situated at the start of a long avenue or processional way that enhances the setting of a particular site or building.

Despite some later damage, the Tudor Gateway, 24m north-east of Brook Farmhouse survives well. It is largely unaltered and includes some significant architectural details such as the four-centred archway, triangular pediment and octagonal brick pinnacles.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 18 December 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a Tudor gateway situated on low-lying ground on the west side of Brook Lane at Brook Farm, east of Hillborough.

The gateway is built of red brick with a four-centred arch, originally supported on bottle-shaped brick pillars. The pillar to the south survives in its original position, although that to the north has been removed. Above the arch is a cornice, a triangular pediment and a parapet, which is surmounted by three octagonal brick pinnacles. There are two buttresses on the west side of the gateway.

The gateway was built in about 1580 and originally led to Brook Farmhouse. Brook Farm is recorded in the 14th century and the farmhouse incorporates some Tudor brickwork at the rear, although it was largely rebuilt in 1834.

The gateway is Grade II listed.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: KE 140

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
NMR TR26NW6. PastScape 467098. LBS 170663

End of official listing