Rotsea medieval settlement and field system, 600m south east of Rotsea Manor

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1005212
Date first listed:
09-Oct-1954
Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Rotsea medieval settlement and field system, 600m south east of Rotsea Manor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.
District:
East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Hutton Cranswick
National Grid Reference:
TA 06937 51324

Reasons for Designation

The village, comprising a small group of houses, gardens, yards, streets, paddocks, often with a green, a manor and a church, and with a community devoted primarily to agriculture, was a significant component of the rural landscape in most areas of medieval England, much as it is today. Although the sites of many of these villages have been occupied continuously down to the present day, many others declined in size or were abandoned throughout the medieval and post-medieval periods, particularly during the 14th and 15th centuries. As a result over 2000 deserted medieval villages are recorded nationally. The reasons for desertion were varied but often reflected declining economic viability, changes in land use such as enclosure or emparkment, or population fluctuations as a result of widespread epidemics such as the Black Death. As a consequence of their abandonment these villages are frequently undisturbed by later occupation and contain well-preserved archaeological deposits. Because they are a common and long-lived monument type in most parts of England, they provide important information on the diversity of medieval settlement patterns and farming economy between the regions and through time. Field systems are an important part of medieval rural economy, and should be considered in context with their associated rural settlements. Rotsea medieval settlement is well preserved and a good example. Important archaeological and environmental information survives undisturbed that will provide valuable evidence relating to the construction, use and abandonment of this settlement; as well as contributing to the diversity of surviving medieval settlements nationally. Its situation in a wetland setting means that important environmental remains are likely to be present within, around and beneath the earthworks. This will contribute to our knowledge of landuse and climate change, as well as aiding our understanding of changes within the settlement to environmental changes.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a medieval settlement, known Rotsea, and part of its associated field system, all surviving as earthworks on low-lying level ground at Rotsea Carr. The settlement is visible as a series of well defined earthworks including a main hollow way that runs east to west across the monument with a second north to south hollow way at the eastern end of the former area of occupation. An irregular spread of level house platforms marking sites of former buildings are arranged along these routes, with low earthwork banks marking out associated enclosures. The western end of the monument includes part of the associated field system, in the form of ridge and furrow earthworks. Documentary sources indicate that the settlement is known to have been in existence by 1086; by 1300 it comprised 31 plots including houses and enclosures. It had decreased in size by the early 16th century, by which time it may have comprised of only four holdings. Rotsea was abandoned as a nucleated settlement by 1854. The surface of the road leading to Rotsea Carr Farm is not included in the scheduling, however the ground beneath is included.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 79393 NMR:- TA05SE9 Humber SMR No:- 4534

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
ER 163
Legacy System:
RSM - OCN

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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