Enclosure W of Church Farm
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1005315
Date first listed: 20-Apr-1977
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Malvern Hills (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: SO 83491 60556
Prehistoric and Roman remains 120m north west of Church Farm.
Reasons for Designation
Although they can frequently only be located through aerial photography. All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be identified as nationally important. Romano-British aggregate villages are nucleated settlements formed by groups of five or more subsistence level farmsteads enclosed either individually or collectively, or with no formal boundary. Most enclosures, where they occur, are formed by curvilinear walls or banks, sometimes surrounded by ditches, and the dwellings are usually associated with pits, stock enclosures, cultivation plots and field systems, indicating a mixed farming economy. In use throughout the Roman period (c.43-450 AD), they often occupied sites of earlier agricultural settlements. In view of their rarity, all positively identified examples with surviving remains are considered to merit protection. Despite the monument being ploughed and crossed by two metalled tracks, the prehistoric and Roman remains 120m north west of Church Farm survive comparatively well. The archaeological remains survive exclusively as buried features or remains. The settlement is of considerable significance and forms part of a wider archaeological landscape of prehistoric and Roman settlements. The enclosure and linear features will have potential for remaining layers and deposits that will contain important archaeological information relating to the use, construction and occupation of the monument in addition to providing environmental evidence.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 21 May 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records. As such they do not yet have the full descriptions of their modernised counterparts available. Please contact us if you would like further information.
This monument includes a prehistoric and Roman settlement located on a gentle slope west of the River Severn. The monument is known from cropmarks visible on aerial photographs and survives as a square enclosure and several linear features. The square enclosure measures approximately 50m across and has two internal sub divisions on the south and east sides. A linear feature, representing the remains of a ditch, situated to the north of the square enclosure, is orientated north to south and is approximately 100m long. To the south of the square enclosure is a second linear feature. This feature is orientated north west to south east and is approximately 50m long. Roman artefacts have been found on this site.
Further enclosures and archaeological features survive to the east of the monument, but are not currently protected because they have not been formally assessed.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: WT 213
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
Hancox, E. & Russell, O. 2009, Recent Changes to Scheduled Monuments in Worcestershire. Worcestershire Historic Environment and Archaeology Service
Jackson, R. & Dalwood, H. 2007, Archaeology and Aggregates in Worcestershire. Worcestershire Historic Environment and Archaeology Service and Cotswold Archaeology
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing