Medieval village 100m west of Zouches Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1005400

Date first listed: 22-Jul-1977

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Medieval village 100m west of Zouches Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Central Bedfordshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Caddington

National Grid Reference: TL 03854 21430

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The village, comprising a small group of houses, gardens, yards, streets, paddocks, often with a green, a manor and a church, and with a community devoted primarily to agriculture, was a significant component of the rural landscape in most areas of medieval England, much as it is today. Villages provided some services to the local community and acted as the main focal point of ecclesiastical, and often of manorial, administration within each parish. Although the sites of many of these villages have been occupied continuously down to the present day, many others declined in size or were abandoned throughout the medieval and post-medieval periods, particularly during the 14th and 15th centuries. As a result over 2000 deserted medieval villages are recorded nationally. The reasons for desertion were varied but often reflected declining economic viability, changes in land use such as enclosure or emparkment, or population fluctuations as a result of widespread epidemics such as the Black Death. As a consequence of their abandonment these villages are frequently undisturbed by later occupation and contain well-preserved archaeological deposits. Because they are a common and long-lived monument type in most parts of England, they provide important information on the diversity of medieval settlement patterns and farming economy between the regions and through time. The medieval village to the west of Zouches Farm is a well preserved example. Significant archaeological and environmental deposits will survive and contribute to our knowledge and understanding of the construction, use and abandonment of this settlement, and its role in the wider medieval landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a medieval village situated immediately to the west of Zouches Farm. The monument survives as a series of well preserved earthworks between 1m and 1.5m high. The earthworks include a hollow way running east to west, with house platforms evident to the north and south and other streets leading from it. There is a circular mound thought to be the base of a windmill near the north west corner of the monument and sherds of roof tile and building stone have been recovered from molehills in the field. Sources: NMR TL 02 SW 56; Mon No 359959; Bed's HER 2882

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: BD 95

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing