Iron Age defended settlement 170m north west of Cargurra

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1005436

Date first listed: 17-Apr-1975

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Iron Age defended settlement 170m north west of Cargurra
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Juliot

National Grid Reference: SX1306492011

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the Iron Age a variety of different types of settlement were constructed and occupied in south western England. At the top of the settlement hierarchy were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a group of smaller sites, known as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others in less prominent positions. They are generally smaller than the hillforts, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction. Univallate sites have a single bank and ditch, multivallate sites more than one. At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Where excavated, evidence of stone- or timber-built houses has been found within the enclosures, which, in contrast to the hillfort sites, would have been occupied by small communities, perhaps no more than a single family group. Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the settlement pattern, particularly in the upland areas of south western England, and are integral to any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. The Iron Age defended settlement 170m north west of Cargurra survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development, longevity, territorial significance, agricultural practices, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an Iron Age defended settlement, situated on a south-facing slope of a wide coastal ridge, overlooking the valley of the River Valency. The settlement survives as an oval enclosure defined by an inner rampart bank of up to 10m wide and 0.6m high with a buried outer ditch. A concentric outer bank has been largely incorporated into field boundaries and is surrounded by a buried outer ditch.

The first record of the place name 'Cargurra', which is derived from the Cornish 'Ker' meaning fort or round, is in 1318. The settlement stands in a field called 'Berry Ring' on the Tithe Map and is also mentioned as a defensive enclosure with two or more lines of entrenchment in the Victoria County History. It is known locally as 'Cargurra Camp'.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-434734

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 947

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing