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Earthworks on Marlborough Common

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Earthworks on Marlborough Common

List entry Number: 1005635


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Marlborough

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-May-1951

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: WI 322

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Enclosure 800m south-west of Poulton House.

Reasons for Designation

The sport of bowling has a long established tradition and is well documented and forms an important part of the history of England and its folklore, for example the famous game on Plymouth Hoe which was concluded before Drake set sail to defeat the Spanish Armada. It has a long established social tradition today with many local parks retaining the bowling greens. This early example is thought to be medieval in origin and is known from documents to have received relatively early restoration. Given its position on the edge of a common the other alternative interpretation for the enclosure 800m south west of Poulton House could be an animal pound but there does not appear to be any known documentation to substantiate this suggestion.


See Details.


This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 2 July 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records. As such they do not yet have the full descriptions of their modernised counterparts available. Please contact us if you would like further information.

This monument includes an enclosure situated on the gentle south east facing slopes of Marlborough Common overlooking the confluence of the Rivers Kennet and Og. The enclosure survives as a trapezoidal area measuring up to a maximum 81.3m long by 64.7m wide and covering approximately 0.47 ha defined by a low bank of up to 0.8m high with a largely backfilled outer ditch and slight partial counterscarp bank. It was partially excavated by Cunnington who retrieved Romano-British pottery although the exact date and function of the enclosure remained unclear. It has long been believed to be a medieval bowling green which documents record as being renovated in 1624 and is known as such locally.

Selected Sources

PastScape 220508
Wiltshire HER SU16NE601

National Grid Reference: SU 18705 69547


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End of official listing