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Roman camp

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Roman camp

List entry Number: 1005736

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Warwickshire

District: North Warwickshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Mancetter

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. As these are some of our oldest designation records they do not have all the information held electronically that our modernised records contain. Therefore, the original date of scheduling is not available electronically. The date of scheduling may be noted in our paper records, please contact us for further information.

Date first scheduled: N/A

Date of most recent amendment: N/A

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: WA 124

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Parts of a series of Roman vexillation fortresses surrounding Mancetter Farm.

Reasons for Designation

Roman vexillation fortresses are rectangular enclosures with rounded corners which were occupied on a temporary basis by a campaigning army of between 2500 to 4000 men comprised of varying proportions of legionary and auxiliary troops. They were constructed as part of Roman military strategy immediately after the conquest in AD 43, when the army had not yet established the boundaries of its occupation, and continued to be involved in campaigns to increase and establish its control. All sites were probably abandoned by about AD 90. Vexillation fortresses are defined by a single rampart of earth or turf, usually revetted at the front and rear with turf or timber and surrounded by one or more outer ditches. Originally a breastwork and a wall-walk of timber would have crowned the rampart, possibly with corner and interval towers. Only 14 examples of vexillation fortresses have been recorded in England. As one of a small group or Roman military monuments which are important in representing army strategy, vexillation fortresses are of particular significance to our understanding of the period and all examples with surviving archaeological potential are considered to be of importance. Despite development, the presence of a grave yard, roads and other buildings much is already know through partial excavation about the parts of a series of Roman vexillation fortresses surrounding Mancetter Farm and they will retain further archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their layout, construction, longevity, military, political, strategic and social significance as well as the chronological interrelationships, adaptive re-use and overall landscape context.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 2 June 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records. As such they do not yet have the full descriptions of their modernised counterparts available. Please contact us if you would like further information.

This monument, which falls into three areas, includes parts of a succession of Roman vexillation fortresses and other camps on different alignments situated on slightly raised ground on the western valley side of the River Anker. The fortresses and camps survive as entirely buried structures, layers and deposits covering a total area of at least 9ha. First recorded by Stukeley in 1723 several periods of excavation from 1955 to 1997 have indicated the layouts of at least three successive vexillation fortresses which seem to reduce in size over time together with other camps and military features on different alignments which all indicate an extensive and prolonged military history. Close contemporary documentary references in the Antonine Itinerary and Tacitus indicate that this area represented the front line in military strategy during the early years of the Roman occupation of Britain. This is confirmed archaeologically by the dates from retrieved artefacts of pottery (which includes very early Samian) and other finds which range from 45-71 AD. The presence of timber buildings such as barrack blocks and granaries has been confirmed along with a kiln or furnace and latrines for example. The documentary evidence indicates at least one of the fortresses was connected with Boudicca’s last battle in 60 AD. Some of the military sites have also indicated medieval re-use as part of a manorial complex.

Further areas of Roman activity are scheduled separately.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape 336157
Warwickshire HER 8267

National Grid Reference: SP 31902 96612, SP 31983 96736, SP 32120 96621

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 24-Oct-2017 at 10:37:28.

End of official listing