Shoreham Airfield dome trainer, 240m south west of Sussex Pad Hotel

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1005818

Date first listed: 04-Jul-1986

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Shoreham Airfield dome trainer, 240m south west of Sussex Pad Hotel
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Adur (District Authority)

Parish: Lancing

National Grid Reference: TQ 19863 05839

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dome trainers are dome-shaped buildings housing training apparatus, including a projector, for training ground gunners in the art of airfield defence. Despite partial damage by fire in the past, Shoreham Airfield dome trainer survives in good condition. It is a rare example of a Second World War dome trainer. There are now few surviving examples although one of similar design is a scheduled ancient monument at Langham Airfield, Norfolk. As a significant testament to the development of military training and as an example of enterprise and intuition in airfield defence, at a time when Britain faced one of the greatest airborne threats of the twentieth century, it is of national importance.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a dome trainer built during the Second World War for training ground gunners in airfield defence. It is situated near Honeyman's Hole on the north side of Shoreham Airport, west of Old Shoreham. The dome trainer is a hemispherical building, 12m in diameter, with an entrance on the north side and nine windows. It is constructed of concrete and metal mesh, which is covered with gritted tar. The interior of the dome originally portrayed the night sky onto which were projected films of moving aircraft. These were fired at by trainees using a facsimile anti-aircraft gun or 'dummy gun'. Shoreham Airport is Britain's oldest licensed airport and was used as a military airfield in both the First and Second World Wars. It opened in 1911 and was rebuilt in 1936. During the Second World War it was used in air-sea rescue, as well as having a major role in the 1942 Dieppe raid and the D Day landings in 1944. The dome trainer on the north side of the airfield suffered fire damage in about 1980 but was restored by 1995.

Sources: West Sussex HER 4430 - MWS848. NMR TQ10NE94, TQ20NW97. PastScape 1410509, 1409742.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: WS 487

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing