This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Shoreham Fort, 120m SSE of East House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Shoreham Fort, 120m SSE of East House

List entry Number: 1005824

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Adur

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 30-Jul-1973

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: WS 390

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Shorham Fort belongs to the class of military installation termed 'batteries' - self contained positions where guns were mounted for purposes of offensive or defensive action; the objective being primarily to bring guns to bear on a specific area, to provide the appropriate range and to protect the guns (and crew) during action. Ammunition was usually stored behind the rampart (the area known as the 'gorge') and by the later 19th century, in purpose built magazines. As a source of information for developments in military technology and as indications of the ebb and flow of international politics, all examples exhibiting a significant degree of preservation are considered worthy of protection. Shoreham Fort is a good example of a 19th century artillery fort, which survives well. It retains upstanding structures and below-ground archaeological information relating to the use and history of the site. Shoreham Fort marks an important stage in the development of 19th century fortification following improvements in heavy guns with increased range. The design of the surrounding Carnot wall, following the principles of the French General Lazare Nicholas Marguerite Carnot (1753-1823) on active defence, is of particular interest.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a 19th century artillery fort, known variously as Shoreham Fort, Kingston Redoubt and the Old Fort, surviving as upstanding and below-ground remains. It is situated overlooking Shoreham Harbour, at the mouth of the River Adur. The fort comprises a polygonal bastion facing the sea and is constructed of red brick and pebble with details in granite. There is a dry moat on the seaward side, a surrounding Carnot wall with three caponiers at the salient angles, sally ports and gun positions. There are mountings for six guns on terrepleins, the rings and rails of which survive, with magazines below. The Carnot wall is up to 3.7m high with rifle slits and a rounded top to make it difficult for assailants to mount. On the northern side of the fort are the foundations of the barracks, which were demolished in 1960. Shoreham Fort was completed in 1857 and was designed to guard the entrance to Shoreham Harbour. It represents a significant phase of experimental fortification, following 19th century developments in heavy guns with increased range. The fort was manned by the 1st Sussex Volunteer Artillery of Eastern Division, Royal Artillery, during the 19th century. In the Second World War an emergency coastal battery with a 6-inch ex-naval gun was mounted south-west of the fort. The fort was restored between 1977 and 1979. The monument excludes the coastguard tower and public conveniences on the west side of the fort, the modern surface of the car park, all modern fences and fence posts, gates and gate posts. However the ground beneath all these features is included.

Sources: West Sussex HER 3739 - MWS839. NMR TQ20SW3, TQ20SW87. PastScape 398937, 1426506. Sussex OS Maps (1:2500): 1873, 1898, 1912 and 1930. Baines, G, Shoreham Fort, retrieved from http://www.shorehamfort.co.uk/page3.html on 8th March 2010

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TQ 23348 04550

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1005824 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 20-Oct-2017 at 09:45:43.

End of official listing