Dalesdown Wood earthworks

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1005893
Date first listed:
24-Feb-1933

Map

Ordnance survey map of Dalesdown Wood earthworks
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
West Sussex
District:
Arun (District Authority)
Parish:
Arundel
County:
West Sussex
District:
Arun (District Authority)
Parish:
Houghton
County:
West Sussex
District:
Arun (District Authority)
Parish:
Madehurst
National Park:
SOUTH DOWNS
National Grid Reference:
SU 99769 09708

Summary

Earthworks in Dalesdown Wood, 885m south-east of Orchard Cottage

Reasons for Designation

The earthworks in Dalesdown Wood, 885m south-east of Orchard Cottage survive well. They have been relatively undisturbed and are located in an area with little modern development. As such they hold a very high degree of potential for further archaeological investigation. They will contain important archaeological and environmental information relating to their construction and function, as well as to the landscape in which they were constructed. Despite the uncertainty concerning their identification it is clear that the earthworks are unusual in form and for this reason must be considered of archaeological interest in a national context. The surrounding area has many archaeological features, which adds to the group value of the monument.

History

See Details

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17/10/14. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

DESCRIPTION The monument includes an area of earthworks within Dalesdown Wood. It is situated on the slopes of a ridge known as Rewell Hill, east of Arundel Park. The earthworks include a complex series of banks and ditches, forming enclosures and trackways in an area over 0.3 sq km in size. It is approached by two parallel trackways, between two banks, from the north-east. The earthworks, south and west of the trackway, form a series of contiguous sub-rectangular or irregular enclosures denoted by banks and ditches. A number of pits have also been identified.

In 1919, part of the site was partially excavated, which recovered three sherds of Iron Age pottery of La Tene III type, as well as a piece of Roman amphora. In 1979, two fragments of a Bronze Age axe or palstave and lumps of ‘melted scrap’ were found on Rewell Hill with a metal detector. It is considered that the earthworks are a prehistoric settlement, although it has also been proposed that the earthworks were associated with medieval animal husbandry linked to Arundel Park.

Further archaeological remains survive within the vicinity of this monument. Some such as the nearby ‘War Dyke entrenchment’ are scheduled, but others are not because they have not been formally assessed.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
WS 43
Legacy System:
RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
West Sussex HER 1302 - MWS5869, 1303 - MWS2282, 1304 - MWS2283 NMR SU90NE2. PastScape 248855.

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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