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The treadwheel crane

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: The treadwheel crane

List entry Number: 1005918


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Guildford

District Type: District Authority


National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-Apr-1970

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: SU 145

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

The Guildford treadwheel crane, 40m south-east of Friary Bridge.

Reasons for Designation

The Guildford treadwheel crane, 40m south-east of Friary Bridge is a significant structure that survives in good condition. The crane would have been an important means of transporting goods on and off barges on the River Wey navigation that runs between Godalming and Weybridge, where it joins the Thames. The crane is a rare survival; the only other comparable structure known to survive is at Harwich.


See Details.


This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 11 December 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a late 17th century or 18th century wooden slewing crane and timber-framed building of two bays. It is situated on the east side of the River Wey navigation, near the centre of Guildford. The building has oak weatherboard cladding and a plain tiled roof. One bay is open and the other enclosed. In the enclosed bay a treadwheel, approximately 5m in diameter and 1.5m wide, is suspended. It is constructed of wood with wooden clasp arm spokes on a wooden shaft. The crane is formed of timber baulks rotating between top and bottom bearings. A chain linked the hausting hook to the treadwheel. It was last used to transport stone for Guildford Cathedral in about 1960 and is believed to have been the last working example in Great Britain. The structure underwent repairs in the 18th century and 19th century before being dismantled and erected near its original position on the former Guildford Wharf in about 1971.

It is Grade II* listed.

Selected Sources

Surrey HER 3684. NMR SU94NE74. PastScape 250423.

National Grid Reference: SU 99433 49435


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This copy shows the entry on 20-Sep-2018 at 02:49:40.

End of official listing