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Earthwork in Holt Wood

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Earthwork in Holt Wood

List entry Number: 1005935

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Tandridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chelsham and Farleigh

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 29-Jul-1964

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: SU 133

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Medieval earthwork and buried settlement remains in Holt Wood, 370m NNW of Garden Cottage.

Reasons for Designation

The medieval earthwork and buried settlement remains in Holt Wood, 370m NNW of Garden Cottage survive well and contain information relating to the construction and function of the site and the environment in which it was constructed. The monument has been shown by excavation to retain surviving evidence of medieval farm buildings.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 27 November 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a medieval earthwork, denoted by a bank and ditch, and buried archaeological remains. It is situated on flat ground in the south-east corner of Holt Wood. The earthwork is kite-shaped, with two long straight sides on the north-west and south-west sides and two shorter sides to the north-east and south-east. It measures approximately 200m WNW-ESE and 150m NNE-SSW transversely. The earthwork is denoted by a single bank and ditch with an entrance in the centre of the north-west side. The bank is approximately 0.5m high by 3m wide and the ditch falls 1.5m below the top of the bank and is 2m wide. A deep water-filled depression traditionally known as ‘Smuggler’s Hole’ is located on the south-west side of the earthwork. The associated spoil mound overlies the inner bank. These features are likely to post-date the earthwork in the later medieval period. The earthwork was partially excavated between 1955 and 1958. A large amount of pottery dating from the 13th century was found in and around the earthwork indicating that it is of early medieval origin. Two late 13th century domestic hearths and flooring of a modest type of dwelling were also uncovered. In addition the gravel flooring and post holes of 15th and 16th century farm buildings were revealed. The earthworks are likely to be associated with the nearby medieval manor house in Henley Woods, which is a separate scheduled monument.

Selected Sources

Other
Surrey HER 1192. NMR TQ35NE7, TQ35NE14. PastScape 403724, 403747.

National Grid Reference: TQ 38089 59238

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Oct-2017 at 07:04:44.

End of official listing