Three quadrangular earthworks on Banstead Heath
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1005944
Date first listed: 30-Nov-1925
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Reigate and Banstead (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: TQ 23040 55242, TQ 23571 55233, TQ 23573 55332
Three stock enclosures on Banstead Heath, 350m south-west of Millfield House
Reasons for Designation
Stock enclosures of medieval and later date provided winter shelter and corralling for beasts ranging over open pasture. In south east England, they are to be found in relatively remote regions located some distance from the farmstead with which they were associated. They vary in size and shape and reflect local building techniques, styles and materials. They usually survive as a level area surrounded by low banks flanked by construction ditches. Some enclosures would have been further protected by timber fences and gates and smaller examples may have been roofed. Surviving largely in downland areas of less intensive modern land use, medieval and post-medieval stock enclosures provide evidence for pastoral practices in south east England which have left few other traces in the landscape. As a relatively rare monument type, those examples which survive well as upstanding monuments and/or which are documented by part excavation or contemporary records, are considered to merit protection.
The three stock enclosures on Banstead Heath, 350m south-west of Millfield House survive well and are likely to contain important archaeological and environmental information relating to their construction and original use. The enclosures form prominent features in the landscape, which provide a significant insight into settlement patterns as well as farming methods and practices in this part of Surrey.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17/10/14. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
DESCRIPTION The monument includes three stock enclosures of probable medieval date situated on the north part of Banstead Heath, all within 650m of Millfield House. Two lie within 200m east of the B2032 and another is 200m to the west. The stock enclosures are visible as well-defined earthworks of varying sizes on a gently sloping area of the Heath. The most prominent earthwork lies closest to Millfield House and is denoted by three rectangular-shaped banks and ditches. There is a causewayed entrance midway along the south-east side. The site was excavated in 1928 and finds included three pottery sherds of 16th or early 17th century date and a portion of pottery of possible Romano-British origin. The second enclosure, approximately 250m from Millfield House, is denoted by a bank and outer ditch with a causewayed entrance on the east side. A third enclosure lies approximately 560m to the west of Millfield House. It is denoted by a bank 0.2m high and outer ditch 0.5m deep and encloses an area of nearly an acre. A causewayed entrance is located midway along the north-west side. The south-west corner has been disturbed by gravel digging at a later date.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: SU 45
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
Surrey HER 902, 2495, 2496.
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing