Tumulus NE of Cherkley Court, Leatherhead Downs
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1005946
Date first listed: 30-Nov-1925
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Jan-2019 at 21:42:08.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Mole Valley (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: TQ 18212 54692
Bowl barrow, 132m north of The Garden House
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
The Bowl barrow 132m north of The Garden House survives as buried archaeological remains and will contain important archaeological and environmental information relating to the barrow and its surrounding landscape.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17/10/14. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
DESCRIPTION The monument includes the buried archaeological remains of a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a rise in the chalk downland of the North Downs. The barrow consisted of a slightly oval mound 14.5m in diameter which stood to a height of 0.7m. Surrounding the mound was a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is likely to survive as a buried feature approximately 2m wide along with the other below ground elements such as pits and buried deposits.
Further archaeological remains survive in the vicinity of this monument. Some such as a nearby Roman Road are scheduled, but others such as a field system of Iron Age or Roman date are not because they have not been formally assessed.
The barrow forms part of a group of four barrows, two of which are scheduled monuments situated to the east.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: SU 58
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
NMR TQ15SE3. PastScape 397369.
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing