Defensive earthworks at Camp Bank, Holly Wood
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1006081
Date first listed: 15-May-1975
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Jan-2019 at 14:02:52.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Stafford (District Authority)
Parish: Stone Rural
National Grid Reference: SJ 93380 33501
Enclosure 350m NNW of Hollywood Farm.
Reasons for Designation
Roman camps are rectangular or sub-rectangular enclosures which were constructed and used by Roman soldiers either when out on campaign or as practice camps; most campaign camps were only temporary overnight bases and few were used for longer periods. They were bounded by a single earthen rampart and outer ditch and in plan are always straight-sided with rounded corners. Normally they have between one and four entrances, although as many as eleven have been recorded. Such entrances were usually centrally placed in the sides of the camp and were often protected by additional defensive outworks. Roman camps are found throughout much of England, although most known examples lie in the midlands and north. Around 140 examples have been identified and, as one of the various types of defensive enclosure built by the Roman Army, particularly in hostile upland and frontier areas, they provide an important insight into Roman military strategy and organisation. All well-preserved examples are identified as being of national importance.
The enclosure 350m NNW of Hollywood Farm survives as well preserved earthworks and buried archaeological remains which will contain important evidence about the nature and occupation of the site.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 10 June 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
The monument includes a rectangular enclosure situated on a prominent ridge just over 2km east of the Trent valley. Remains of a bank and ditch with an outer counterscarp bank are visible with possible entrances on the north and south sides. It measures externally up to 210m WSW-ENE and up to 110m NNW-SSE. The function and date of the monument is unknown though the earthworks appear to be defensive in form. It may be the site of a Roman camp.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: ST 232
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing