Bowl barrow called Chains Barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1006206

Date first listed: 01-Nov-1934

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow called Chains Barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: West Somerset (District Authority)

Parish: Exmoor

National Park: EXMOOR

National Grid Reference: SS 73458 41904

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the others, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of its monuments. However, detailed survey work by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later prehistoric period. Examples include stone settings, stone alignments, standing stones, and burial mounds (`barrows'). Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Over 370 bowl barrows, varying in diameter from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor. Many of these are found on or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor - the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge - whilst individual barrows and groups may also be found on lower lying ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite some disturbance through the erection of a triangulation pillar, the bowl barrow called Chains Barrow survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the summit of the prominent Chains Ridge, overlooking the valley of the Hoaroak Water. The barrow survives as a circular stone and earth-built mound measuring approximately 25m in diameter and 1.7m high. A surrounding quarry ditch, from which the construction material was derived, is visible as a partially buried 2m wide and 0.2m deep feature. A triangulation pillar has been placed on the summit of the mound. This is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included. The barrow is recorded as 'Cheyne Barrow' in 1653 and may also have been known as 'Exaborough' during the 17th century.

PastScape Monument No:-35326

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: SO 157

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing