Bolter's Bridge, Hornblotton
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1006231
Date first listed: 05-Dec-1928
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Mendip (District Authority)
District: Mendip (District Authority)
Parish: West Bradley (DET)
National Grid Reference: ST 60604 33410
Multi span bridge called Bolter’s Bridge.
Reasons for Designation
Multi-span bridges are structures of two or more arches supported on piers. They were constructed throughout the medieval period for the use of pedestrians and packhorse or vehicular traffic, crossing rivers or streams, often replacing or supplementing earlier fords. During the early medieval period timber was used, but from the 12th century stone (and later brick) bridges became more common, with the piers sometimes supported by a timber raft. Most stone or brick bridges were constructed with pointed arches, although semicircular and segmental examples are also known. A common medieval feature is the presence of stone ashlar ribs underneath the arch. The bridge abutments and revetting of the river banks also form part of the bridge. Where medieval bridges have been altered in later centuries, original features are sometimes concealed behind later stonework, including remains of earlier timber bridges. The roadway was often originally cobbled or gravelled. The building and maintenance of bridges was frequently carried out by the church and by guilds, although landowners were also required to maintain bridges. From the mid-13th century the right to collect tolls, known as pontage, was granted to many bridges, usually for repairs; for this purpose many urban bridges had houses or chapels on them, and some were fortified with a defensive gateway. Medieval multi-span bridges must have been numerous throughout England, but most have been rebuilt or replaced and less than 200 examples are now known to survive. As a rare monument type largely unaltered, surviving examples that retain significant medieval and post- medieval fabric are considered to be of national importance. Despite restoration the multi span bridge called Bolter’s Bridge retains its original form and features and does not carry vehicular traffic.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 22 July 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
This monument includes a multi span bridge which crosses the River Alham and the parish boundary between Ditcheat and West Bradley. The bridge survives as a stone built structure with four pointed arches, three cutwaters on the upstream side, a narrow cobbled causeway up to 14.6m long and 2.1m wide and no parapets. It is a packhorse bridge and has been recently restored. It is of medieval origin and believed to have been built by Glastonbury Abbey to connect the moors and make a road between Castle Carey and Glastonbury. It currently links Bolter’s Lane to the Monarch’s Way.
The bridge is Listed Grade II.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: SO 43
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
PastScape Monument No:-200137
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing