This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Round cairn cemetery, 820m south west of Stell Plantation

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn cemetery, 820m south west of Stell Plantation

List entry Number: 1006463

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Adderstone with Lucker

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Sep-1969

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: ND 460

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairn cemeteries date to the Bronze Age. They comprise groups of cairns sited in close proximity to one another and take the form of stone mounds constructed to cover single or multiple burials. Contemporary or later `flat' graves may lie between individual cairns. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time and they can exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form. Occasionally they are associated with earlier long cairns. They may also be associated with clearance cairns - heaps of stones cleared from the adjacent ground surface to improve its quality for agricultural activities; these were also being constructed during the Bronze Age, although some examples are of later date. It may be impossible without excavation to distinguish between some burial and clearance cairns. Round cairn cemeteries occur throughout most of upland Britain; their distribution pattern complements that of contemporary lowland earthen round barrows. Often occupying prominent locations they are a major historic element in the modern landscape. Their diversity and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation. The round cairn cemetery 820m south west of Stell Plantation is well-preserved and is a good example. Excavation has shown that it retains significant archaeological deposits relating to its use and that the group contains burial cairns and clearance cairns. Both types are representative of the Bronze Age and the significance of the monument is enhanced by its proximity to the round cairns on Rosebrough Moor to the south. Taken together, the monument provides insight into the character of burial and ritual beliefs in the Bronze Age and their close association with subsistence and land clearance.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a Bronze Age round cairn cemetery extending across an area of approximately 17.6ha along the ridge-top of Longstone Hill. Within the group there are at least 40 cairns with the majority measuring between 2.7m to 7.6m in diameter and between 0.3m to 0.9m high. In addition there are three large cairns situated towards the centre of the group all of which were subjected to partial excavation during the 19th century. The north west cairn (NU1165 2684) is approximately 19m in diameter and stands to a height of roughly 2m; excavation revealed the presence of a stone cist in its centre covered by a stone slab. Within the cist was a Bronze Age pot known as a Beaker and a skeleton laid on its left side with its head to the east. The central cairn (NU1172 2681) was of similar diameter and was found to contain a rectangular grave in its centre filled with stones. A whetstone, used for sharpening metal blades, was found within the matrix of the cairn. The south east cairn (NU1178 2679) is approximately 17m in diameter and roughly 2m high and was found to contain a stone cist in its centre. The variation in the size of the cairns and the results of the excavations indicate that some of them are burial mounds, whilst the smaller examples are thought to be clearance cairns.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 7355 (clearance cairn), 7334 (large cairns), NMR:- NU12NW8 (clearance cairn), NU12NW3 (large cairns), Northumberland HER:- 4900

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NU 11783 26821

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1006463 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 04:24:48.

End of official listing