Round cairn cemetery, 820m south west of Stell Plantation


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1006463

Date first listed: 19-Sep-1969

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Ordnance survey map of Round cairn cemetery, 820m south west of Stell Plantation
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Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Adderstone with Lucker

National Grid Reference: NU 11783 26821


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairn cemeteries date to the Bronze Age. They comprise groups of cairns sited in close proximity to one another and take the form of stone mounds constructed to cover single or multiple burials. Contemporary or later `flat' graves may lie between individual cairns. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time and they can exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form. Occasionally they are associated with earlier long cairns. They may also be associated with clearance cairns - heaps of stones cleared from the adjacent ground surface to improve its quality for agricultural activities; these were also being constructed during the Bronze Age, although some examples are of later date. It may be impossible without excavation to distinguish between some burial and clearance cairns. Round cairn cemeteries occur throughout most of upland Britain; their distribution pattern complements that of contemporary lowland earthen round barrows. Often occupying prominent locations they are a major historic element in the modern landscape. Their diversity and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation. The round cairn cemetery 820m south west of Stell Plantation is well-preserved and is a good example. Excavation has shown that it retains significant archaeological deposits relating to its use and that the group contains burial cairns and clearance cairns. Both types are representative of the Bronze Age and the significance of the monument is enhanced by its proximity to the round cairns on Rosebrough Moor to the south. Taken together, the monument provides insight into the character of burial and ritual beliefs in the Bronze Age and their close association with subsistence and land clearance.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the remains of a Bronze Age round cairn cemetery extending across an area of approximately 17.6ha along the ridge-top of Longstone Hill. Within the group there are at least 40 cairns with the majority measuring between 2.7m to 7.6m in diameter and between 0.3m to 0.9m high. In addition there are three large cairns situated towards the centre of the group all of which were subjected to partial excavation during the 19th century. The north west cairn (NU1165 2684) is approximately 19m in diameter and stands to a height of roughly 2m; excavation revealed the presence of a stone cist in its centre covered by a stone slab. Within the cist was a Bronze Age pot known as a Beaker and a skeleton laid on its left side with its head to the east. The central cairn (NU1172 2681) was of similar diameter and was found to contain a rectangular grave in its centre filled with stones. A whetstone, used for sharpening metal blades, was found within the matrix of the cairn. The south east cairn (NU1178 2679) is approximately 17m in diameter and roughly 2m high and was found to contain a stone cist in its centre. The variation in the size of the cairns and the results of the excavations indicate that some of them are burial mounds, whilst the smaller examples are thought to be clearance cairns.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 7355 (clearance cairn), 7334 (large cairns), NMR:- NU12NW8 (clearance cairn), NU12NW3 (large cairns), Northumberland HER:- 4900


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: ND 460

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing