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Defended settlement, 1.05 km north west of North Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Defended settlement, 1.05 km north west of North Farm

List entry Number: 1006478

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Adderstone with Lucker

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Aug-1968

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: ND 432

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the earlier Iron Age (seventh to fifth centuries BC) a variety of different types of defensive settlements began to be constructed and occupied in the northern uplands of England. The most obvious sites were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a range of smaller sites, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha and defined as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others are found in less prominent positions. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction, some sites having a single bank and ditch (univallate), others having more than one (multivallate). At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Within the enclosure a number of stone or timber-built round houses were occupied by the inhabitants. Stock may also have been kept in these houses, especially during the cold winter months, or in enclosed yards outside them. The communities occupying these sites were probably single family groups, the defended settlements being used as farmsteads. Construction and use of this type of site extended over several centuries, possibly through to the early Romano-British period (mid to late first century AD). Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the later prehistoric settlement pattern of the northern uplands and are important for any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. All well-preserved examples are believed to be of national importance. The defended settlement, 1.05 km north west of North Farm survives well and represents a good example of a small northern defended settlement. It provides insight into the diversity of settlement forms during the Iron Age. The presence of upstanding earthworks indicates that the monument will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment and environmental deposits relating to the use of the surrounding landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of an Iron Age defended settlement situated on a slight ridge overlooking Howe Water. The settlement survives as an enclosure, sub-oval in shape, which has been constructed to follow the natural contours of the ridge upon which it is located. Where the slope is steepest it has been scarped to form a berm with an average width of 4m. The enclosure is surrounded on all other sides by a double bank and ditch, the latter is on average about 10m wide There is an entrance through the ramparts on the south west side.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 7398 NMR:- NU12NW19 Northumberland HER:- 4916

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NU 14616 29210

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2017 at 03:24:05.

End of official listing