Roman temporary camp, 435m north west of Hetton North Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1006480
Date first listed:
23-Jan-1968
Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Roman temporary camp, 435m north west of Hetton North Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.
District:
Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Lowick
National Grid Reference:
NU 02372 36354

Reasons for Designation

Roman camps are rectangular or sub-rectangular enclosures which were constructed and used by Roman soldiers either when out on campaign or as practice camps; most campaign camps were only temporary overnight bases and few were used for longer periods. They were bounded by a single earthen rampart and outer ditch and in plan are always straight-sided with rounded corners. Normally they have between one and four entrances, although as many as eleven have been recorded. Such entrances were usually centrally placed in the sides of the camp and were often protected by additional defensive outworks. Roman camps are found throughout much of England, although most known examples lie in the midlands and north. Around 140 examples have been identified and, as one of the various types of defensive enclosure built by the Roman Army, particularly in hostile upland and frontier areas, they provide an important insight into Roman military strategy and organisation. Despite the fact that it has undergone cultivation, the Roman temporary camp 435m north west of Hetton North Farm retains significant archaeological deposits; below ground features, including pits, post holes and defensive ditches will provide evidence relating to its construction, use and abandonment. Additionally, the monument provides insight into the Roman military campaigns and the occupation of northern Britain.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a Roman temporary camp, situated on a gentle south facing slope. The camp survives as an enclosure, sub-rectangular in shape with rounded corners, forming a slightly elevated platform measuring approximately 50m by 60m. It is surrounded by a single bank and outer ditch which are visible as low earthworks and as crop marks on aerial photographs. These defences are interrupted by a single entrance in the centre of the south east side.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 6139 NMR:- NU03NW14 Northumberland HER:- 3688

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
ND 439
Legacy System:
RSM - OCN

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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