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Roman temporary camp, 435m north west of Hetton North Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Roman temporary camp, 435m north west of Hetton North Farm

List entry Number: 1006480

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Lowick

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Jan-1968

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: ND 439

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Roman camps are rectangular or sub-rectangular enclosures which were constructed and used by Roman soldiers either when out on campaign or as practice camps; most campaign camps were only temporary overnight bases and few were used for longer periods. They were bounded by a single earthen rampart and outer ditch and in plan are always straight-sided with rounded corners. Normally they have between one and four entrances, although as many as eleven have been recorded. Such entrances were usually centrally placed in the sides of the camp and were often protected by additional defensive outworks. Roman camps are found throughout much of England, although most known examples lie in the midlands and north. Around 140 examples have been identified and, as one of the various types of defensive enclosure built by the Roman Army, particularly in hostile upland and frontier areas, they provide an important insight into Roman military strategy and organisation. Despite the fact that it has undergone cultivation, the Roman temporary camp 435m north west of Hetton North Farm retains significant archaeological deposits; below ground features, including pits, post holes and defensive ditches will provide evidence relating to its construction, use and abandonment. Additionally, the monument provides insight into the Roman military campaigns and the occupation of northern Britain.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a Roman temporary camp, situated on a gentle south facing slope. The camp survives as an enclosure, sub-rectangular in shape with rounded corners, forming a slightly elevated platform measuring approximately 50m by 60m. It is surrounded by a single bank and outer ditch which are visible as low earthworks and as crop marks on aerial photographs. These defences are interrupted by a single entrance in the centre of the south east side.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 6139 NMR:- NU03NW14 Northumberland HER:- 3688

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NU 02372 36354

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 08:24:59.

End of official listing