Find out about listed buildings and other protected sites, and search the National Heritage List for England (NHLE).
See our extensive range of expert advice to help you care for and protect historic places.
Discover and use our high-quality applied research to support the protection and management of the historic environment.
Historic England holds an extensive range of publications and historic collections in its public archive covering the historic environment.
Find out about services offered by Historic England for funding, planning, education and research, as well as training and skill development.
Explore the many ways you can help to support the incredibly rich and varied heritage.
Read about our current news, projects and campaigns nationally and in your area.
Listed on the National Heritage List for England.
Search over 400,000 listed places
The National Heritage List for England is a unique register of our country's most significant historic buildings and sites. The places on the list are protected by law and most are not open to the public.
Explore our highlights of captivating historic sites listed in 2021
The list includes:
Find out more about listing
Search over 1 million photographs and drawings from the 1850s to the present day using our images archive.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
During the earlier Iron Age (seventh to fifth centuries BC) a variety of different types of defensive settlements began to be constructed and occupied in the northern uplands of England. The most obvious sites were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a range of smaller sites, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha and defined as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others are found in less prominent positions. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction, some sites having a single bank and ditch (univallate), others having more than one (multivallate). At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Within the enclosure a number of stone or timber-built round houses were occupied by the inhabitants. Stock may also have been kept in these houses, especially during the cold winter months, or in enclosed yards outside them. The communities occupying these sites were probably single family groups, the defended settlements being used as farmsteads. Construction and use of this type of site extended over several centuries, possibly through to the early Romano-British period (mid to late first century AD). Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the later prehistoric settlement pattern of the northern uplands and are important for any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. All well-preserved examples are believed to be of national importance.
Despite later cultivation, the defended settlement, 618m north west of Ewesley survives well and retains archaeological and environmental deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment. The monument is unusual in having an interior ditch, which might imply that more than one phase is represented. It will provide insights into the diversity and development of Iron Age settlement and the importance of stock management in northern Britain.
The monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, either side of a railway cutting, includes the remains of a settlement of prehistoric date, situated on an east to west oriented ridge. The settlement is visible as a sub-circular enclosure with a diameter of about 135m within a single bank. There is an internal ditch, which is considered to represent an element of an earlier phase and there are slight traces of a counterscarp bank on the south side. The ditch is well-defined on the north side where it is on average 5m wide and between 0.5m to 1m deep. There is a causewayed entrance through the west side. Later ridge and furrow cultivation overlies the enclosure.
PastScape Monument No:- 21415
Northumberland HER:- 10817
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
This map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. This copy shows the entry on 19-Jan-2022 at 16:34:10.
© Crown Copyright and database right 2022. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2022. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.
End of official list entry
User contributions are not fact checked and do not represent the official position of Historic England.
Request a correction of the list entry
Read the Enriching the List Terms and Conditions
For any other issue or if you need help, please email:
Our website works best with the latest version of the browsers below, unfortunately your browser is not supported. Using an old browser means that some parts of our website might not work correctly.