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Low Buston medieval settlement, 231m south east of Low Buston Hall

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Low Buston medieval settlement, 231m south east of Low Buston Hall

List entry Number: 1006502

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Warkworth

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Nov-1954

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: ND 307

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The village, comprising a small group of houses, gardens, yards, streets, paddocks, often with a green, a manor and a church, and with a community devoted primarily to agriculture, was a significant component of the rural landscape in most areas of medieval England, much as it is today. Villages provided some services to the local community and acted as the main focal point of ecclesiastical, and often of manorial, administration within each parish. Although the sites of many of these villages have been occupied continuously down to the present day, many others declined in size or were abandoned throughout the medieval and post-medieval periods, particularly during the 14th and 15th centuries. As a result over 2000 deserted medieval villages are recorded nationally. The reasons for desertion were varied but often reflected declining economic viability, changes in land use such as enclosure or emparkment, or population fluctuations as a result of widespread epidemics such as the Black Death. As a consequence of their abandonment these villages are frequently undisturbed by later occupation and contain well-preserved archaeological deposits. Because they are a common and long-lived monument type in most parts of England, they provide important information on the diversity of medieval settlement patterns and farming economy between the regions and through time. The shrunken settlement of Low Buston is well preserved and retains significant archaeological and environmental deposits, which will provide insight into the character of medieval settlement and subsistence. It will also contribute greatly to our knowledge and understanding of the diversity and character of medieval settlement patterns in England.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the shrunken remains of a settlement of medieval date, situated on a slight ridge adjacent to Tylee Burn. The medieval plan of the village is a type well known in this part of Northumberland, in which a single row, or two parallel rows of houses face onto a rectangular village green or hollow way, with crofts or garden areas to the rear. This type of village in northern England is thought to be the result of deliberate planning by Norman rulers attempting to exert control over a rebellious region during the 11th and 12th centuries. The remains of the settlement are visible as a series of low earthworks and comprise a hollow way oriented north-west to south-east forming the main village street with, on either side, the foundations of small rectangular houses (tofts) 8m to 9m long and the remains of small field plots (crofts) behind. A bank runs along the west side of the main trackway. The position of the village was retained until roughly 1774 when the houses were abandoned.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 7930 NMR:- NU20NW18 Northumberland HER:- 5417

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NU 22661 07266

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Oct-2017 at 01:07:52.

End of official listing